Page 79 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 13

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STARKMAN---- LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
71
exegetical works including novellae, a supercommentary on Rashi
and responsa as well as mathematical books.
S
olomon
E
t t i n g e r
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in
Warsaw, Poland, about 1800. Died in Zhdanow, Poland, about
1856. He was a physician and Yiddish poet. See “Solomon
Ettinger,” by Jacob Shatzky, in this volume.
M
oses
G
aster
. 100th anniversary o f birth. Born in Bucharest,
Roumania, 1856. Died Abingdon, England, March 4, 1939.
Linguist, folklorist and historian, he published many old manu-
scripts and participated in Jewish scientific magazines the world
over. He was one of the early supporters o f Theodor Herzl in
launching the Zionist political movement. He was for many
years the first rabbi of the Sephardic Community of Great Britain.
A
aron
D
avid
G
ordon
. 100th anniversary of birth. Born in
Troyanov, Russia, June 9, 1856. Died in Degania, Palestine,
February 22, 1922. After he settled in the Holy Land at the age of
48, he became the spiritual leader of the pioneering Halutzim, and
originated the philosophy of “Religion of Labor” based on the
precepts of traditional Judaism.
H
e i n r i ch
H
e i n e
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in Diissel-
dorf, Germany, 1797. Died in Paris, France, 1856. He was a
celebrated poet and essayist. See “Heinrich Heine’s Homecom-
ing,” by Sol Liptzin, in this volume.
J
acob
K
a h n
.
75th anniversary of birth. Born in Slutzk,
Russia, June 28, 1881; now residing in Israel. Poet and play-
wright, he is one of the foremost figures in modern Hebrew litera-
ture. Among his accomplishments as a translator is the Hebrew
version of Goethe’s
Faust.
Kahn’s poetry inspired to heroism
many of Israel’s youth.
I
saac
L
e e s e r
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in West-
phalia, Prussia, December 18, 1806. Died in Philadelphia, Febru-
ary 1, 1868. He was the foremost American rabbi of the first half
of the 19th century and made significant contributions as author,
translator, editor and publisher.
I n
1843, he founded and edited
the
Occident
, a monthly magazine. He wrote Jewish text books in
English and translated Hebrew works. His English translation of
the Bible was the only Jewish version available for more than half
a century.
Ha-Maggid.
100th anniversary of founding. This was the first
Hebrew weekly, originally published in Galicia in 1856. I t marked
the beginning of the Hebrew newspaper.