Page 105 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 15

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ZAFREN — JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
95
College and at Cambridge. He was an editor of the
Jewish
Quarterly Review
, a founder and president of the Jewish Historical
Society of England and editor of its
Transactions.
He wrote
Jewish Life in the Middle Ages
and many other works on Jewish
history and literature.
I
saac
A
b r a v a n e l
.
450th anniversary of death. Born in Lisbon
in 1437; died in Venice in 1508. Statesman and exegete, he was
the author of commentaries on most of the Bible, of philosophical
works including a critique of Maimonides, and of apologetic works
on the Messiah.
S
h m u e l
Y
o s e f
A
g n o n
.
70th anniversary of birth. Born in
Buczacz, Austria-Hungary, August, 1888; now living in Israel.
One of the leading writers in Hebrew today, he has contributed
to many magazines, papers, and other works. Two of his novels
won the Bialik Prize and the Ussishkin Prize.
A
br ah am
A
n t i b i
.
100th anniversary of death. Died in Aleppo,
February (?), 1858. He wrote responsa, homilies, liturgical poems,
and a work on the Shulhan Aruch.
Z
e b i
H
ir sch
A
s h k e n a z i
.
300th anniversary of birth. Born in
Moravia, August 30, 1658; died in Lemberg, May 2, 1718.
A
very
controversial and colorful figure, he was for a hectic period Chief
Rabbi of the Ashkenazi Congregation in Amsterdam. Profoundly
learned and staunchly independent, he included important
responsa among his literary contributions.
P
e t e r
B
e e r
.
200th anniversary of birth. Born in Newbydzow,
February 19, 1758; died in Prague, November 8, 1838. Author of
Hebrew poems, essays and liturgical works, he is characterized as
a writer in Hebrew of school books for history and religion.
E
l ie z e r
B
e n
J
e h u d a h
(originally Perlman). 100th anniversary
of birth. Born in Luzhky, Lithuania, January 7, 1858; died in
Jerusalem, December 22, 1922. Champion of Hebrew as a spoken
language, he wrote forcefully in favor of the resettlement of
Palestine by Jews. Editor of several papers, including
Doar ha-
Yom
, the first Palestinian daily, he also wrote a history of the
Jews, a reader for children, and a geography of Palestine. His
most lasting work is a multi-volume Hebrew dictionary, which
was only partly published during his lifetime, and even now is
not quite complete.
S
olomon
b e n
E
ph ra im
B
loch
.
100th anniversary of death.
Born about 1780; died in Hanover, February 11, 1858.
A
Hebrew
teacher and founder of Telgener’s printing press at Hanover, he