Page 49 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 16

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V i l n a y — I l l u s t r a t i o n s
of
E r e t z - I s r a e l
3 9
Naturally, Jerusalem is the focal subject of this popular art of
prints. Pictures of the Temple site, towards which Jews face
while praying, are especially numerous. Ironically, the Temple
itself is presented in the likeness of the Mosque of Omar, whose
large dome stands out conspicuously on Mt. Moriah (fig. 6).
The Wailing Wall, a relic of the ancient western wall of the
Temple, is represented in various styles. Overlooking the wall
are the Mosque of Omar and the Aksa Mosque, which now
occupy the sacred site (fig. 7). In some instances there also ap-
pears a reproduction of the monument of the Kings of David
lineage, located, according to ancient belief, on the height known
as Mt. Zion.
The Mount of Olives rises east of Jerusalem and overlooks the
old city. According to legend, the resurrection will take place
here “in the fulness of time”; hence many Jews desire to be
buried in its precious soil. Some books use it to illustrate
Zechariah’s description of the Lord's appearance on the Day of
Judgment, “Then shall the Lord go forth . . . and His feet shall
stand in that day upon the Mount of Olives” (Zech. 14. 1-11)
(fig. 8). Zechariah’s tomb is traditionally shown at the foot of
the Mount, and is reproduced on the front page of
Shevet Musar
(1863), a popular work by Rabbi Shelomo Avraham Hacohen.
The book presents pictures also of the Wailing Wall and of the
Cave of Machpelah in Hebron.
The monument of Shim’on Hazadik was a venerated shrine
among the Jews in Jerusalem. It was he who taught, “Upon
three things the world standeth; upon Torah, upon Worship and
upon the practice of Charity”
(Abot
1. 2.). A great popular
pilgrimage was made annually to this tomb, until the Arab
Legion of Jordan conquered the area during the War of Libera-
tion in 1948. Some prints of Jerusalem include a picture of
the tomb.
The ancient town of Ramah, on a height in the vicinity of
Jerusalem, is the traditional site of the tomb of Samuel the
Prophet, sanctified also in Arab folklore as an-Nabi Samwil. The
village built around the tomb, which is variously portrayed in
writings published in Jerusalem, bears the same name. Here
many pilgrims assemble to pay obeisance to the prophet's memory
(fig. 9). The tomb of Rachel, on the highway to Bethlehem, is
also a cynosure for numerous bands of pilgrims (fig. 10). The
Cave of Machpelah in Hebron, the burial place of the patriarchs
and matriarchs in Israel, is pictured in several books. These
pictures vary in many respects from the structure now on that
spot.
Jericho, the first city captured by the Israelites when they in-
vaded Canaan under Joshua, is known as
Ir Ha-Temorim,
City
of the Palms; consequently, it is always depicted in a setting
of palm trees (fig. 11). Other pictures portray the historic city
of Shechem standing in a narrow vale between Mt. Gerizim and