Page 94 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 17 (1958-1959)

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J
e w i s h
B
o o k
A
n n u a l
L
ev i
H
er z feld
.
75th anniversary of death and 150th anniver­
sary of birth. Born in Ellrich, Germany, December 28, 1810, died
in Brunswick, Germany, March 11, 1884. A moderate Reform
rabbi, he was instrumental in convoking the first Liberal rabbini­
cal conference in Brunswick in 1844. He wrote a 3-volume history
of the Jews and a history of the commerce of the Jews in
antiquity.
T
heodor
H
e r z l
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Budapest,
Hungary, May 2, 1860, died in Vienna, Ju ly 3, 1904. Journalist,
playwright and founder of political Zionism, his major works
in the service of the latter cause were
Der Judenstaat
(English
translation, The Jewish S ta te ) , the novel
Altneuland
, his diaries,
and
The Congress Addresses.
H
irsch
H
ild esh e im er
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in
Eisenstadt, Hungary, February 2, 1855, died in Berlin, December
6, 1910. A teacher at the Orthodox rabbinical seminary in Berlin,
he also was editor of the
Jiidische Presse
in Berlin, an Orthodox
weekly. Most of his publicistic activity was devoted to the defense
of Shehitah against the attacks of anti-Semites and to the popu­
larization of Jewish history.
S
am u e l
H
o ldh e im
.
100th anniversary of death. Born in Kem-
pen, Germany, 1806, died in Berlin, August 22, 1860. Rabbi of
the Reform congregation in Berlin, he championed the cause of
radical Reform through his writings and his sermons, in which
his thorough Talmud training enabled him to battle the repre­
sentatives of traditional Judaism.
A
dolph
H
ubsch
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Liptoszen-
miklos, Hungary, September 18, 1830, died in New York, October
10, 1884. After receiving a traditional rabbinical and modern
university education in Europe, he became rabbi in New York,
adhering to the moderate Reform position which was also re­
flected in the prayer book he edited. Some of his sermons and
addresses in English and German were published posthumously
in a memorial volume.
I
srael
ben
E
l iez er
,
Baal Shem Tov. 200th anniversary of
death. Born in Okup, Ukraine, about 1700, died in Miedzyboz,
Podolia, May 21, 1760. He was the founder of Hasidism, the
mystical movement in Judaism which stressed the emotional
aspects of religion, and which developed an extensive literature
of pietistic aphorisms and legends popularized in the present day
especially by Martin Buber. (See “Hassidic Influences in Imagin­
ative English Literature,” by Joseph Leftwich, in this volume.)
Der Israelit.
100th anniversary of founding. Th is weekly
magazine established by Markus Lehmann in Mainz, Germany,
in May, 1860, continued publication until November, 1938,