Page 48 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 18

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and C. H. Gordon’s
Adventures in the Nearest East
(Essential
Books, 1957) and
The World of the Old Testament
(Garden
City, N. Y., 1958).
Reference might be made to such works as bear upon Biblical
history and archeology because they provide pertinent back-
ground material. There is S. N. Kramer’s interestingly written
History Begins at Sumer
(Anchor Books, 1959; based on his
earlier book
From the Tablets of Sumer, 1956).
Still worthwhile
is
Before Philosophy
(Pelican Books, 1949), ed. H. and H. A.
Frankfort, with chapters on Egypt (J. A. Wilson) and Mesopo-
tamia (T. Jacobsen); the earlier version, called
The Intellectual
Adventure of Ancient Man
(1946), included a section on the
Hebrews (W. A. Irwin).
The Idea of History in the Ancient
Near East,
ed. R. C. Dentan (New Haven, Yale University Press,
1955), is a full treatment of the subject, including chapters on
Egypt (L. Bu ll), Mesopotamia (E. A. Speiser), and Ancient Israel
(M. Burrows). A year earlier the American Oriental Society pub-
lished as a
Supplement
to its
Journal
a fine monograph (55
pages) on
Authority and Law in the Ancient Orient,
with relev־
ant chapters on Egypt (J. A. Wilson), Mesopotamia (E. A.
Speiser), the Hittites (H. G. Giiterbock), and Canaan-Israel (I.
Mendelsohn). Other books worth reading in this category are
O. R. Gurney’s
The Hittites
(Pelican Books, 1952), J. A. Wilson's
interpretation of
The Culture of Egypt
(Phoenix Paperback, 1956;
a reprint of
The Burden of Egypt,
1951), and G. Steindorff-K.C.
Seele’s
When Egypt Ruled the East
(2nd ed., Chicago, University
of Chicago Press, 1957; copiously illustrated). In the absence of a
comparable work in English—the
Cambridge Ancient History,
e.g., is in need, and in process, of very drastic revision—A. Scharff-
A. Moortgat’s
Agypten und Vorderasien im Altertum
(Miinchen,
1950) may be noted. A shorter work is S. Moscati,
Ancient Semitic
Civilizations
(London, Elek, 1957) or
The Face of the Ancient
Orient
(1960).
Archeology and Historical Geography
The areas of archeology and historical geography are well
covered indeed. There is, first of all, G. E. Wright’s excellent
Biblical Archaeology
(Philadelphia, Westminster Press, 1957).
The most detailed and up-to-date survey of Biblical archeology is
the Hebrew work by M. Avi-Yonah-S. Yeivin (with the participa-
tion of M. Stekelis),
Kadmoniyot Artzenu
(The Antiquities of
Israel; Tel Aviv, Hakibutz Hameuchad, 1955-56), winner of the
Bialik prize for 5716 (1956). There is the well-known Pelican
book by W. F. Albright on
The Archaeology of Palestine
(1949).
A very readable and attractive work is J. B. Pritchard’s
Archae-
ology and the Old Testament
(Princeton University Press, 1958).
A. Parrot has published a series of little books,
Discovering
Buried Worlds
and
Studies in Biblical Archaeology,
nos. 1-8 (New