Page 49 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 18

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O
r l in sky
— B
ibl ic a l
H
istory
a n d
A
rch eology
41
York, 1955-). Among the older works, M. Burrows'
What Mean
These Stones?
(New Haven, American Schools of Oriental Re-
search, 1941) and C. C. McCown’s
The Ladder of Progress in
Palestine
(New York, Harper 8c Bros., 1943) still have value. J.
Finegan’s useful
Light from the Ancient Past
has been brought
up to date in the second edition (Princeton University Press,
1959). An interesting collection of data was brought together
in a recent issue of
Antiquity and Survival
(The Hague, Vol. II,
No. 2-3, 1957), under the title “The Holy Land: New Light on
the Prehistory and Early History of Israel” (pp. 79-317).
Among the atlases, that of G. E. Wright־F. V. Filson,
The
Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible,
2nd ed. (Philadel-
phia, Westminster Press, 1956) stands out; the text of this book
constitutes also a fine sketch of Biblical Israel’s history. Two other
atlases deserve honorable mention: E. G. Kraeling’s
Bible Atlas
(Rand, McNally, 1956) and L. H. Grollenberg’s
Atlas of the
Bible
(Nelson & Sons, 1956). A
Shorter Atlas of the Bible
by
Father Grollenberg has now been announced. Denis Baly has
written the most recent work on
The Geography of the Bible
(New York, Harper &Bros., 1957). A. J. Brawer’s
Land of Israel
(in Hebrew; Tel Aviv, Mosad Bialik, 5711-1951) is more broadly
conceived. Of course the standard work on this subject is still
F. M. Abel’s two-volume
Geographie de la Palestine
(Libraire
Lecoffre, Paris, 1933-1938). H. G. May-C. C. McCown-J. S. Kates
did
A Remapping of the Bible World: Nelson's New Bible Maps
(New York, 1949).
The written documents brought to light through archeology
are naturally of prime importance. Those bearing upon the
Hebrew Bible have been brought together in several collections,
all of them useful to the student of the Bible. Back in 1926 Hugo
Gressmann headed an excellent editorial board that put out the
second edition of
Altorientalische Texte zum Alten Testament
(Berlin-Leipzig, Walter de Gruyter), with the
Bilder
appearing
one year later; a learned and reliable work. But no one interested
in the Bible can do without the two volumes edited by J. B.
Pritchard:
Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testa-
ment,
2nd ed. (Princeton University Press, 1955), and
The An-
cient Near East in Pictures
(1954);
The Ancient Near East: an
Anthology of Texts and Pictures
(1958) is a compendium of the
two. I. Mendelsohn edited
Religions of the Ancient Near East:
Sumero-Akkadian Religious Texts and Ugaritic Epics
(New York,
Liberal Arts Press, 1955). A convenient and authoritative antholo-
gy may be found in
Documents from Old Testament Times,
ed.
D. Winton Thomas (New York, Nelson and Sons, 1958).
A unique and most colorful project, planned to embrace the
New as well as the Old Testament, is
Views of the Biblical World:
Vol. I,
the Law
(Jerusalem-Ramat Gan, International Publishing
Co., 1958), ed. M. Avi-Yonah-A. Malamat, with B. Mazar as Chair­