Page 100 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 19

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9 4
J
e w i s h
B
o o k
A
n n u a l
of the human personality and the establishment of a free, just
and cooperative social order. But to play this role, the Jewish
people must undergo a complete reconstruction in its traditional
outlook and way of life, and in its social structure and scope of
creative activity. Judaism has a future in the modern world; this
book presents a program for that future. In 1957 two chapters
were reprinted separately under the title
Basic Values in Jewish
Religion,
which contains the lengthy chapter by that name in the
original book and the chapter dealing with creative doubt and
the problem of evil.
The war years and those following witnessed a spurt in Dr.
Kaplan’s liturgical creativity. His two earlier works in this field,
Supplementary Readings and Meditations
(1924) and
Supple­
mentary Readings and Prayers for the High Holidays
(1934),
he had done alone. Now a series of liturgical volumes were pub­
lished, edited by Dr. Kaplan with various co-workers. In 1941
The New Haggadah
appeared, edited by Drs. Kaplan, Eugene
Kohn and Ira Eisenstein; in 1945 the
Sabbath Prayer Book,
edited by Drs. Kaplan and Kohn, assisted by Rabbis Ira Eisen­
stein and Milton Steinberg; in 1948 the
High Holiday Prayer
Book,
edited by Rabbis Kaplan, Kohn and Eisenstein; in 1951
The Faith of America,
a collection of prayers, readings and songs
for the celebration of American holidays, compiled by J . Paul
Williams, Eugene Kohn and Dr. Kaplan; in 1958
Th e Festival
Prayer Book,
edited by Dr. Kaplan, Dr. Kohn, Rabbis Jack J .
Cohen and Ludwig Nadelman. At this writing a daily prayer
book is being prepared with Dr. Kaplan as one of the editors.
With the establishment of the State of Israel and the conse­
quent rethinking of the future purposes of Zionism, Dr. Kaplan
gave his usual thorough consideration to the subject. He delivered
the 1954 lecture series sponsored by the Seminary-Israel Institute.
These addresses formed the basis for the book
A New Zionism
(1955). A second, revised edition in 1959 contains a new impor­
tant chapter offering a concrete platform for a “Greater Zion­
ism.” The thesis is advanced that the present crisis in Zionism
is but a phase of the crisis in Judaism. The way to overcome
the former is to deal with the conditions responsible for the
latter. Jewish loyalty has to be motivated anew for all Jews
everywhere. They must be persuaded that Jewish life is intrin­
sically worthwhile and necessary for their self-fulfillment. That
conviction can come only from the reconstitution of the Jewish
people, the reclamation of Eretz Yisrael, and the creative expan­
sion of Torah.
In 1954 his volume
Haemunah Vehamusar,
dealing with the
relation of ethics to religion, was published in Israel. The life
of the individual must contribute to the fulfillment of his own
personality, to the self-realization of his people and the attain­
ment of divinity in the cosmos. In
Questions Jews Ask: Recon­