Page 37 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 19

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SCHWARZBAUM — ETHNOLOGY AND FOLKLORE
3 1
edited and translated with introduction and notes by Selig J .
M iller (New York, Philosophical Library, 1949). An up-to-date
picture is depicted by Shalom G inat in his study, Ha-Edah ha-
Shomronit be-Israel (“The Samaritan Community of Israel,”
Sullam Zur and Gaaton, 1960), which is of much ethnological
value. Significant, too, is President Ben-Zvi’s Yessodot ha-Chrono-
logia ha-Shomronit (“Principles of Samaritan Chronology”) ,12
as well as Zvi Sofer’s Korban ha-Pessah Etzel ha-Shomronim
(“The Samaritans’ Passover Celebration,” Haifa, Yeda Am, 1952).
The Karaite community of Israel has recently published some
religious and liturgical books such as Ap iryon Assah Lo (“He
Made Himself a L itte r,” Tel-Aviv, Magen, 1960), on the d if­
ferences between the Karaite ritua l and rites and those of the
Rabbanites. Raphael Mah ler’s Karaimer: A Yiddishe Geule-Bave-
gung in M itte la lter (“The Karaites: A Jewish Redemption Move­
ment in the Middle Ages,” New York, E. Shulman, 1947) con­
tains a comprehensive historical account of this dissenting sect
in which the author emphasizes the political and social reform
character of the movement. It appeared in Hebrew under the
title Ha-Karaim (Merhavia, S ifriat Poalim, 1949). Zvi Anko ri’s
fascinating study of the Karaites in Byzantium (New York,
Columbia University, 1960) sheds new light on vita l historical
and literary issues bearing on the Karaites, as does P. Selvin
Goldberg’s Karaite Liturgy and its Relation to Synagogue Wor­
ship (Manchester, University Press, 1957 ) . We gain a fresh
insight into the background of the Karaites in the erudite in tro ­
duction to Leon Nemoy’s rich Karaite Anthology: Excerpts from
the Early L iterature, translated into English from the Arabic,
Aramaic and Hebrew sources (New Haven, Yale University,
1952). A. M. Haberman’s Missipure ha-Karaim (“Karaite Folk­
tales,” Merhaviah, S ifriat Poalim, 1947), and Anko ri’s “Studies
in the Messianic Doctrine of Yehuda Hadassi, the Karaite,”13
present other facets of Karaite folklore. Texts and Studies in
Jewish History and L itera ture : II : Karaitica, by Jacob Mann
(Philadelphia, 1935), is a thesaurus of documents and studies,
mostly from the 16th century to the present, relating to Karaism.
The first volume of Ben-Zion D inur’s monumental work, Toldot
Israel: ,Israel ba-Golah (“History of Israel: Israel in the Dias­
pora,” Tel-Aviv, Dvir, 1960-1961), is rich in historical documents
bearing on both the Karaites and the Khazars. This work by
D inur as well as Salo W . Baron’s A Social and Religious History
of Jews (New York, Columbia University, 1952-1959) present
the panorama of Israel’s historical development w ith a breadth
of treatment that is both comprehensive and carefully integrated.
The latter deals at length with the Karaite schism.14
12Sura, supra, pp. 5-24
13 Tarbiz, XXX (1960), pp. 186-208.
14Vol. V, pp. 209-285, 388-416.