Page 65 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 19

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J
aco bow sk y
— J
e w i s h
L
iteratur e
in
S
w ed en
5 9
Some of the most prominent Jewish families are treated com­
prehensively. They include Henriques:
Stamtavlen Henriques
1725-1948,
Danish, by Jul. Margolinsky, 1949; Warburg:
Stamm-
und Nachfahrentafeln,
Hamburg, 1937; Ruben:
Stammtafeln der
Hamburger Familie Renner-Ruben ca. 1650-1913,
edited by
Moritz Ruben, Stockholm, 1913; Lamm: by Rud. Simonis, 1942;
Bonnier: by the same author, 1956; Marcus: by Ludvig Marcus,
1901.
Belles-lettres
Sweden has produced many Jewish essayists, novelists, play­
wrights and poets. The first three professors in the history of
literature at Stockholm Univerity were Jews: Oscar Levertin,
Karl Warburg and Martin Lamm. Lamm and Ragnar Josephson
have been members of the Swedish Academy (“One of the 18”).
Levertin (1862-1906) was also an authentic poet who wrote fine
Jewish verse;
Kalonymos,
perhaps his best novel, has a Swedish-
Jewish theme.
Ragnar Josephson (born 1891), in addition to being a pro­
fessor of the arts, is a dramatist and poet. He wrote a volume
of Jewish poems and, together with Rabbi Ehrenpreis, translated
modern Hebrew poetry into Swedish. His nephew, Erland Joseph­
son, is an actor, a distinguished dramatist, and a fine novelist.
The psychology of anti-Semitism is the theme of some of his
works.
Viveka Heyman has presented modern Hebrew literature in
Swedish. Novels centering around Jewish motifs have been pub­
lished by Jules Berman and by some of “the saved of 1945”—
Mira Teeman and Zenia (Marcinkowa-) Larsson. The excellent
German-Jewish poet Nelly Sachs lives in Sweden.
Swedish Jews have produced an imposing array of great names
in nearly all fields of science and belles-lettres, especially in
medicine, in political economy (David Davidson, Eli F. Heck-
scher) and, as we have seen, in the history of literature. In this
field the greatest name is that of Henrik Schueck (1855-1947),
a half-Jew who was “One of the 18.”
#
*
#
One cannot write about Jewish literature in Sweden without
mentioning the libraries. The Stockholm community possesses
an important library of more than 10,000 volumes,5 mostly
Hebraica and Judaica. Regarding other collections of Judaica
I must state, with the hope that I shall not be adjudged lacking
in humility, that only my own is worthy of mention. It contains
nearly 5,000 volumes and 4,000 pamphlets.
6The
Guide to the Jewish Libraries of the World
gives 20,000 (1959) .