Page 144 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 20

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J
e w i s h
B
ook
A
n n u a l
138
enjoyed a tremendous authority, being called upon to settle
disputes in Jewish communities near and far, at a time when
the winds of change as exemplified by the enlightenment were
beginning to blow. His writings covering the whole gamut of
traditional interest, including responsa, notes on the Talmud
and the
Shulhan Arukh,
and sermons are in the traditional vein.
While opposing both Hasidism and Enlightenment, he neverthe-
less tried to reconcile differing points of view, as in the Emden-
Eybeschuetz controversy.
F
ranz
L
andsberger
.
80th birthday. Born in Katowitz, Ger-
many, June 14, 1883. Professor of the history of art at the
University of Breslau, Germany, and from 1939 on curator of
the Jewish museum at the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati.
In addition to several works on art history ranging from the
Renaissance to the contemporary period, he edited the letters
of the famous German Jewish painter Max Liebermann and
wrote
A History of Jewish Art
and
Rembrandt, the Jews and
the Bible.
He also contributed numerous monographs on Jewish
art to the
Hebrew Union College Annual.
M
orris
S.
L
a zaro n
.
75th birthday. Born in Savannah, Georgia,
April 16, 1888. For many years a Reform rabbi in Baltimore, he
has espoused the good-will movement and vigorously opposed
Zionism. The former is crystallized in his
Common Ground
and
Bridges: Not Walls,
the latter in
Olive Trees in Storm.
L
eo
L
ew a n d a
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Minsk, Rus-
sia, 1835, died in St. Petersburg (now Leningrad), March 18,
1888. Originally a Russian assimilationist, who contributed to
various Russian Jewish periodicals, he joined the Hibbat Zion
movement after the pogroms of 1881. His stories and articles
deal with Russian Jewish life.
Louis
L
o ew e
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Zuelz, Ger-
many, 1809, died in London, England, November 5, 1888. An
Orientalist, he was secretary to Sir Moses Montefiore on his trips
to Palestine and became principal of Jews’ College, the English
rabbinical seminary. In addition to numerous works on Oriental
philology, he edited Montefiore’s diaries and translated David
Nieto’s major work into English (
Rod of Judgment).
S
im o n e
(S
im h a h
) L
uzzatto
.
300th anniversary of death. Born
in Venice, Italy, 1583, died there January 6, 1663. A rabbi in his
native city, he was a rationalist who opposed Cabalistic teachings.
He wrote several Italian works, one to reconcile religion and
science, another to defend Jews and Judaism, stressing the con-
tribution Jews were making to the well-being of Venice.
C
la ud e
J
o se ph
G
oldsm id
M
o n t e f io r e
.
25th anniversary
o f
death. Born in London, 1858, died there July 9, 1938. A lay