Page 125 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 21

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119
N
e u m a n
— C
y r u s
A
dler
the volume and prepared it for the press in order not to break
the tradition and the continuity of the
Year Book.
Once the
Year Book
was solidly established, Dr. Adler turned
his energies to another literary enterprise, perhaps the greatest
cooperative literary achievement of Jewish scholarship, the
Jewish Encyclopedia.
On the editorial roster, he was charged
with responsibility for the departments of post-biblical antiquities
and Jews of America. He was also listed among the Special
Department Editors for Hebrew and Jewish terms, but he carried
more than editorial duties. Early in its preparation the
Encyclo-
pedia
seemed doomed. It was floundering helplessly in man-
agerial, literary and fiscal confusion, when Dr. Adler was drafted
to take control. His genius as executive and administrator which
had been repeatedly demonstrated in government service, saved
the
Encyclopedia
and it emerged successfully, a monumental work
in twelve volumes.
Literarily, he wrote eighty-three articles for the
Encyclopedia.
His
Jews in America
was perhaps his most important single con-
tribution. It was reprinted and translated into several languages
including Russian. Abstracts of all the Adler articles in the
Encyclopedia
and in the
Publ icat ions of the American Jewish
Historical Society
were deposited in the archives of the Historical
Society, the gift of George Alexander Kohut on the occasion
of Adler’s seventieth birthday.
About this period, in 1904, Adler created a literary sensation
through the publication of the so-called Jefferson Bible under
the unusual mandate of a Congressional resolution: “Tha t there
be printed and bound, by photolithographic process, with an
introduction of not to exceed twenty-five pages, to be prepared
by Dr. Cyrus Adler, Librarian of the Smithsonian Institution,
for the use of Congress, nine thousand copies of Thomas Jef-
ferson’s Morals of Jesus of Nazareth” ........ The book appeared
under the title:
THE
LIFE AND MORALS
OF
JESUS OF NAZARETH
Extracted textually from the Gospels in
Greek, Latin, French, and English
By
THOMAS JEFFERSON
With an Introduction
By
CYRUS ADLER
Washington
Government Printing Office
1904