Page 97 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 21

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91
W
in d
— E
z e k ie l
L
a n d a u
IV.
Zelah—a.
briefer but similar treatise as that above on all
he twelve tractates of
Seder Moed
(“Appointed times”—Laws
f festivals and fasts).
V.
Dogu l Mervavah
and
Shulhan HaToho r .
The former con-
ains brief comments and textual emendations on the four
odes of the
Shulhan Aruch;
the latter on the whole Talmud,
redominantly in the field of Halachah but occasionally in the
phere of ethical and philosophical thought.
Worthy of mention are two additional books containing Rabbi
andau's sermons: (1)
Ahava t Zion
(“Love of Zion”)—discourses
or seasonal holidays and various occasions, constituting a digest
f Jewish philosophical reflections as well as moral and ethical
eachings; (2)
Derushei HaZelah
(“Sermons of the Zelah”)
sermonic material on the Agadah of the Talmud culled from
is major works in the field of Halachah, evaluating Jewish
oral and ethical imperatives.
His Minor Works
These minor works, too, are important in that they reflect
he spirit and tendencies of the times.
I.
Iggeret HaShalom
(“Epistle for Peace”). This pamphlet
imed at terminating the violent controversy between the adher-
nts of Rabbi Jonathan Eibeshitz and those of Rabbi Jacob
mden, both of Altona, Germany. Formerly of Prague and cur-
ently chief rabbi of Altona, Hamburg, and Vandesberg, Rabbi
ibeshitz was the senior rabbi on the continent, renowned for
is scholarship, authorship and ethical conduct. His reputation
as impeccable and his authority unchallenged.
With dramatic suddenness Rabbi Emden accused him of
eretical leaning toward the Sabbatian movement, which had
ailed the apostate Sabbatai Zevi as Messiah. In 1751 one of
abbi Emden’s pupils, Rabbi Joseph Praeger, brought his
eacher an amulet Rabbi Eibeshitz had allegedly written for a
oman in childbirth. Rabbi Emden interpreted the cryptic
riting as a code referring to Sabbati Zevi, and without men-
ioning Eibeshitz by name, publicly denounced him and in-
oked the ban imposed in 1725 upon the Sabbatians.
The Jewish community was divided into two hostile camps,
nd the conflict raged with ever mounting acrimony. Rabbinic
uthority waned and the Jewish community was thrown into
isrepute in the eyes of the non-Jewish world. Rabbi Landau,
hen a young man, consented to lend his authority for the sake
f unity, and through his
Iggeret HaShalom
strove to conciliate
e two factions. He defended Rabbi Eibeshitz and issued the