Page 123 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 22

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W
i en er
— J
ew i sh
L
i terary
A
nniversaries
117
S
alo
W . B
aron
.
70th birthday. Born in Tarnow, Poland,
May 26, 1895. For many years professor of Jewish history, liter­
ature, and institutions at Columbia University, he is one of the
most prolific Jewish historians in America, emphasizing the
sociological aspects of Jewish history. His major works are
A Social and Religious History of the Jews,
the second edition
of which—so far incomplete—is intended to stand next to the
work of Graetz and Dubnow in its scope, and
The Jewish Com­
munity: Its History and Structure to the American Revolution.
M icah Joseph Berdyczewski (Bin Gorion). 100th anniver­
sary of birth. Born in Miedzybozh, Russia, August
7,
1865,
died in Berlin in 1921. One of the outstanding modern Hebrew
writers, he opposed the spiritual Zionism of Ahad Ha-Am, en­
deavoring to liberate the individual Jew from the burden of
the old tradition. Yet, his best known works were his collections
of Jewish legends in German and Hebrew.
I
saac
D
ob
B
erkow itz
.
80th birthday. Born in Slutsk, Russia,
October 15, 1885. A prolific writer in Hebrew and Yiddish, now
living in Israel, he edited the Hebrew periodical
Ha-Toren
dur­
ing his stay in New York. His novels are distinguished by in­
dividuality of characterization. In his humor the influence of
his father-in-law, Sholom Aleichem, whose works he translated
into Hebrew, is quite noticeable.
A
braham
B
er l in er
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in
Obersitzsko, Germany, in 1833, died in Berlin, April 21, 1915.
A
teacher at the Orthodox rabbinical seminary in Berlin, he
prepared the first critical edition of Rashi’s commentary on
the Pentateuch and the Targum Onkelos. He also wrote about
Jewish life in the middle ages and a history of the Jews in Rome
and edited the
Magazin filr die Wissenschaft des Judentums
as
well as the works published by the society, Mekitze Nirdamim,
which for about a century has brought out careful editions of
old Jewish books.
S
imon
B
ern f e ld
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Stanis-
lawow, Galicia, 1860, died, in Berlin, March 8, 1940. Trained
for the Liberal rabbinate in Berlin, he served as rabbi of the
Sephardic community in Belgrade, Serbia, for a number of
years before settling in Berlin where he wrote scholarly and
popular works on Jewish history and thought in both Hebrew
and German. In his Hebrew writings he endeavored to present
the results of western scholarship to the Jews of eastern Europe.
A Bible translation and the compendium of Jewish thought,
Die Lehren des Judentums
(English translation,
The Teachings
of Judaism
), which he edited with the help of eminent German
Jewish scholars, stand out among his German writings.