Page 43 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 24

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S ta r k m a n — Y idd ish L i t e r a r y C r i t ic i sm
35
In a survey of Yiddish essay and criticism, mention should
also be made of books by the following authors: A. H. B ialin’s
Sholem Asch
(Mexico, 1959); Avrohom Bick’s
Fun Tsait un
Doyer
(New York, 1959) and
Ideye un Geshtalt
(New York,
1963); Ber Green’s
Yiddishe Shraiber in Am erike
(New York,
1963); Kh. Sh. Kazdan’s
Mentchn fun Gaist un Moot
(Buenos
Aires, 1962) and
Der Kinstler un Dertseyler M end l Mann
(Paris,
1965) written by a pioneer of Yiddish secular education; Nokhum
Soomer’s
O if Zaitike Vegn
(New York, 1963), essays about
specific writers and on literary art in general.
Canada is the homeland of a number of high rank ing Yiddish
poets and prose writers, among them fine essayists and book
reviewers, bu t few have made efforts to see their essays between
book covers. T o these few belongs the em inent poet Melekh
Ravitch. In his
Main Lexikon: Yiddishe un Hebreyishe Dikhters,
Dertsaylers un Pooblitsistn in Medinas Yisroel
(Montreal, 1958),
the th ird volume of a series under the general title “My Lexicon,”
appears biographical and critical miniatures of writers the
au tho r has known. Th is th ird volume is devoted to poets, fiction
writers and commentators on current events, all residing in
Israel. Yitskhok Goldkorn is the au tho r of two volumes:
Fun
Veit Kval
(Tel Aviv, 1963), and
Lodzer Portretn
(Tel Aviv,
1963), short essays and pen-portraits. Those in the second book
deal with Yiddish writers who perished during the holocaust in
World W ar II.
Latin American Essayists and Critics
Yiddish essayists and critics are active in Central America and
in South America. T h e ir evaluations and book reviews are pub ­
lished in dailies as well as in weeklies and in monthly magazines.
But only rarely are such essays published between book covers.
T h e late Solomon Kahan, who wrote in bo th Yiddish and
Spanish, was chiefly known in Mexico as a music critic, bu t
also Yiddish literature and its creators were among his primary
interests. His productivity as an essayist is attested by his col­
lection
Literarishe un Zhurnalistishe Fartseykhenungen
(Mexico,
1961), published shortly before his passing. Argentina lost its
most prom inent and productive Yiddish critic w ith the sudden
death of Yaakov Botashansky during a lecture tou r in South
Africa, bu t Yiddish literature in South America is compensated
abundantly by the creativity of a number of older and younger
essayists and book reviewers. T o the influential and prestigious
critics belongs Shmuel Rozhansky, popu lar columnist of the
Buenos Aires daily
Yiddishe Tsaitung,
editor of a series of books
comprising classical and modern Yiddish literature and in tro ­