Page 45 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 24

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S ta r k m a n — Y idd ish L i t e r a r y C r i t i c i sm
37
Yiddish Creativity in the Land of Hebrew
The great battles for supremacy between Hebrew and Yiddish
in Jewish life are a thing of the past, and the Land of Israel,
homeland of Hebrew, is now a home also of Yiddish and its
literature. T h e Te l Aviv presses p r in t Yiddish books of writers
in distant lands and of writers who continue their Yiddish
creativity in the Land of Hebrew. Among the Israeli Yiddish
writers are a number of critics and essayists, bu t the books of
only a few have been issued in the past decade. Moshe Gross-
Zimmerman, a provocative Yiddish critic, who gained prom i­
nence soon after World War I, has issued his first representative
collection of essays in a book called
Inteemer Videranand
(Tel
Aviv, 1964). Larger evaluations and smaller meritorious essays
are included in single voumes by the following Yiddish authors
residing in the Jewish Homeland: Yekhiel Hoffer’s
M it Yennem
un m it Zikh
(Tel Aviv, 1964); Avrohom Liss’
Heym on Doyer
(Tel Aviv, 1960), essays about Yiddish and Hebrew writers, and
Yitzkhok Turkov-Grudberg’s
Y. L. Peretz, der Vecker
(Tel Aviv,
1965), depicting Peretz’s influence on Yiddish literature and on
Yiddish theater.
This review makes no claim to be a complete survey of all
Yiddish books of criticism and the essay published during the
past decade. I t does, however, include most of the representative
volumes in the field of criticism since the passing of Shmuel
Niger, whose writings influenced the development of Yiddish
literature during almost a half century of its greatest accomplish­
ments.