Page 198 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 25

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J
e w i s h
B
o o k
A
n n u a l
178
H is to r y o f the A n c ien t N e a r East, 2
vols. (in Hebrew; Haifa,
Reali School, 1964), Elmer W. K. Mou ld’s
E ssen tia ls o f B ib le H is -
to ry ,
3rd ed., rev. by H. N e il Richardson and Robert F. Berkey
(New York, Ronald Press, 1966), and Harry M. Buck’s
P e o p le o f
th e L o rd : T h e H is to r y , Sc r ip tu res , an d F a ith o f A n c ien t Is ra e l
(New York, Macmillan, 1966). Unfortunately, as stated in the
introductory statement above, they are not really aware of the
significance and role of social forces in the fortunes of mankind.
In this respect, none of the current works in the field approaches
either A .T . Olmstead’s
H is to r y o f P a le s t in e an d Syria to the
M a c edon ian C on qu es t
(1931; recently reprinted—unfortunately
w ithout any attempt at updating—by Baker Book House, Grand
Rapids, 1965) or Rob inson’s vol. I in W.O.E. Oesterly-T.H.
Robinson’s two volumed
H is to r y o f Israe l
(Oxford, Clarendon
Press, 1932), let alone Julius W ellhausen’s brilliant work in his
P ro legom ena zu r G esch ich te Israe ls
(6th ed., 1905) and
Is rae lit-
ische u n d j i id is ch e G esch ich te
(4th ed., 1901)—with all the short-
comings brought on by the revolutionary discoveries of the past
six decades. The methodology employed by Martin A. Cohen in
his analysis of “The R o le of the Shilonite Priesthood in the
Un ited Monarchy of Ancient Israel” (
H e b r ew U n ion C o lleg e An -
nu a l ,
36[1965], 59*98) is well worth careful study and emulation.
On a happier note, the great
C am b r id g e A n c ie n t H is to r y
of
essentially pre-archeological days is being republished in com-
pletely revised form. Thus well over fifty fascicles have appeared
to date, among them “The Cities of Babylonia,” “Babylonia
(c.
2120-1800 B.C.),” and “Hammurabi and the end of his Dynasty,”
all by C.J. Gadd; “Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Period” by Hil-
degard Lewy and “Anatolia
c.
1600-1380 B.C.” by O.R. Gurney;
“The Struggle for the Dom ination of Syria (1400*1300 B.C.),”
“Anatolia ,” and “The Hittites and Syria (1300-1200 B.C.),” all
by A. Goetze; “Assyria and Babylonia” : 1370-1300 B.C. by C.J.
Gadd, and 1200-1000 B.C. by D. J. Wiseman; “The Amarna Letters
from Palestine” and “Syria, the Philistines, and Phoenicia” by
W.P. Albright; several fascicles on “Egypt” in different periods,
by W.C. Hayes; and “T h e Exodus and Wanderings” and “The
Hebrew Kingdom” by O. Eissfeldt (1965).
In this connection may be mentioned
A t th e D aw n o f C iv iliza -
tio n : A B a ck g roun d o f B ib l ic a l H is to r y ,
ed. E.A. Speiser (Tel-
Aviv, Massadah, 1964; constituting vol. I o f a projected multi-
volumed
W o r ld H is to r y o f th e Jew ish P e o p le ) ׳,
this fine study of
Mesopotamia and Egypt before Israel became a sovereign people,
consists of chapters by W.F. Albright, D. Ashbel, M. Avnimelech,
F.S. Bodenheimer, S.N. Kramer, H. Polotsky, E.A. Speiser, J.A.
W ilson, and M. Zohary.