Page 207 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 25

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187
S
chulm an
— Y
izkor
B
ooks
The published volumes are devoted mostly to Jewish towns in
Poland, though a few are about Jewish towns in the Ukraine
and Belorussia. T h e Polish and Galician Jews have shown more
interest in their native towns than have the Russian Jews. Natu-
rally exceptions occur. There are books about Vitebsk, Slutzk
and other Russo-Jewish cities.
As has been pointed out, most of the books have been pub-
lished by the landsmanshaftn, but some were issued at the initia-
tive of individuals. In Israel the Encyclopedia of the Jewish
Diaspora Co. Ltd. was established to publish a memorial library.
A number of massive volumes have been published in Hebrew,
one about Brisk (Brest) also in Yiddish. T h e two volumes
L ith u a n ia ,
in Yiddish, published respectively in New York, 1951,
and in Tel-Aviv, 1965, are encyclopedic in scope. A group of
Ukrainian Jews began an ambitious project to publish a series
about Jews in the Ukraine. T h e first volume appeared in New
York in 1961. Th e continuation of the project is not certain at
this writing.
Among the editors of the various books were such scholars as
Raphael Mahler, I. M. Biderman, the late N. M. Gelber and
Philip Friedman. There are also such writers as Solomon Bickel,
Shimshon Meltzer and Eliezer Steinman, and such political per-
sons as Yitshak Greenbaum. But many of the books were
edited or compiled by amateurs and dilletantes. Some of the
memorial volumes were written completely by individual writers.
Examples of such works are
B i lg o r i
by Moshe Teitelbaum (Jeru-
salem, 1955) and
L u b l in
by N . Shemen (Toronto, 1951).
The Rabbi Kook Institute in Jerusalem published a series of
books in Hebrew about various towns under the title
A r im v e
-
Im a h o t be-Yisrael.
Some volumes are devoted to an individual
town like Brody or Stanislav, others deal with a number of cities.
Some of the books of this series describe the Holocaust; others
tell only about life in the cities up to the outbreak of the second
World War. The studies and essays, written by various writers
and scholars, vary in value.
In 1931 the Dubnov Foundation was established to publish in
Yiddish a general and Jewish encyclopedia. Unfortunately this
great project was not realized. But in the series
Jew s
of the
projected encyclopedia, two volumes devoted to the Holocaust
were published. Th e first volume, published in New York in 1963,
has to do with the destruction of the Jews in Eastern Europe
and Germany. Unfortunately, the article dealing with the ex-
terminaton of Polish Jewry is replete with errors and is written
haphazardly. The second volume, dealing with the destruction
of the Jews in Central, Western, Northern Europe and Greece
was published in 1966 and is greatly superior to the previous