Page 67 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 25

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S
t e in b a c h
— N
e l l y
S
a c h s
: N
o b e l
L
a u r e a t e
4 7
Jews, the Phoenix risen from their ashes, the singing born of
their screaming.”
In 1951, Miss Sachs’ allegorical drama was published. Titled
Eli, Ein Mysterienspiel vom Leiden Israels
(Eli, a Mystery of
the Sorrows of Israel), it pulsates with the horror and mysticism,
the beauty and whimsical grotesqueness with which the saga
of Jewish suffering has been etched through the centuries.
Other titles appeared periodically, vindicating Miss Sachs’
avowal, “Writing was my mute outcry, I only wrote because I
had to free myself.”
In 1957 came the collection of poems
Und niemand weiss
weiter
(Nobody Knows How to Go O n ) ; in 1959
Flucht und Ver-
wandlung
(Flight and Metamorphosis); in 1961
Fahrt ins Staub-
lose
(Journey into the Beyond), a volume of her collected poems
in honor of her seventieth birthday; in 1962
Zeichen im Sand
(Marks in the Sand), a collection of her plays. In addition to
Eli,
her most important dramas are:
Nachtwache
(Night Watch),
Abraham in Salz
(Abraham in Salt),
Der Magische Taenzer
(The Magic Dancer), and
Was ist ein Opfer
(What is Sacrifice?).
Gliihende Ratzel
(Glowing Riddles) was published in 1964
and
Spate Gedichte
(Late Poems) in 1965. Also in 1965 Miss
Sachs made a recording of a number of her poems:
Nelly Sachs
liest Gedichte
(Nelly Sachs reads her poems). She also translated
considerable contemporary Swedish verse into German.
Recipient of Prizes and Awards
Miss Sachs has won a number of German, Swedish and inter-
national awards for her works, in addition to the 1965 Peace
Prize already alluded to. Her first public honor was the Literature
Prize of the Swedish Poets’ Association in 1957. In 1959 she
received her first public award in Germany—the Merit Award
of the Federal Association of German Industries. A year later
a literary guild in Meersburg presented its cultural prize to her.
It was known as the Droste-Hulshoff Award, bearing the name
of the foremost poetess of 19th-century Germany, and it marked
the first time Miss Sachs returned to Germany. In 1961 she was
the first recipient of the
Nelly Sachs Preis
established in her
honor by the city of Dortmund. She was also honored with a
special volume of poetry, articles and pieces about her—
Nelly
Sachs zu Ehre—
written by such distinguished writers as Hans
Magnus Enzenberger, Gunter Eich, Use Aichinger, Ingeborg
Bachmann, Beda Allemann, Paul Celan, Hilde Domin, among
others. In 1964 she received the prize of the Borsenverein.