Page 98 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 25

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which in clue course joined the Oppenheim Collection in Ox-
ford. There were also Solomon Joachim Halberstamm (1832-
1900), whose collection of MSS. (which he was compelled to
dispose of owing to business vicissitudes) was purchased for the
Montefiore Library and is now in Jews’ College Library, London,
and Eliakim Carmoly (1802-1875), rabbi of Brussels, who had
the weakness of destroying the credit of anything he owned by
embellishing it with ingenious, but sometimes transparent, forg-
eries. Italy still remained the mecca for Jewish collectors, as
witness the great Almanzi collection which ultimately went partly
to the British Museum and partly to New York.
In Russia, Baron David Gunzburg (1857-1910), in what was
then called St. Petersburg, built up a magnificent MSS. collec-
tion which was to have been transferred to Jerusalem but was
intercepted en route. It is now still in Russia, where it has been
investigated by Professor Abraham I. Katsh of New York Uni-
versity, who has brought its treasures within reach of the scholarly
world by means of microfilms. Meanwhile, in the United States
the scholarly Judge Mayer Sulzberger (1843-1923), first president
of the American Jewish Committee, built up a very considerable
and important collection with the assistance of that remarkable
globe-trotting dealer, Ephraim Deinard (1846-1930). He subse-
quently made it over to the library of the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America—then beginning the dazzling period of
progress it owed to the scholarship and enthusiasm of that great
but somewhat unsystematic librarian Alexander Marx, whom
so many of us remember still with affection and veneration. It
is only proper to mention by his side Adolph S. Oko who, with-
out the same background of profound Jewish scholarship but
with an uncanny book-sense, made the library of the Hebrew
Union College in Cincinnati into one of the great Jewish librar-
ies of the world.
The Schocken Library in Jerusalem
Meanwhile, in Germany Salman Schocken was unobtrusively
building up his great library, of which Judaica was only a part,
but in which he concentrated on Hebrew poetry and rare printed
books. This is now housed in a remarkably designed building in
Jerusalem, the Schocken Library, under the aegis of the Jewish
Theological Seminary of America: still a centre of research on
Hebrew poetry in particular, and in recent years enriched by
some remarkable illuminated manuscripts. A specialized library
of another sort was that of David Montesinos of Amsterdam, who
created a unique collection of works, largely in Spanish and
Portuguese, illustrating the history of that community. He pre-
sented it to the Sephardi synagogue, and transferred himself