Page 59 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 27

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B e r l in — T h e I s r a e l
PL-480
P ro g ram
53
since many of the periodicals appear on a daily, weekly, monthly,
or quarterly basis.
The benefits accruing to libraries participating in this Program
are rather obvious. There is, of course, a considerable economic
advantage, since participants receive all books free of charge.*
A conservative estimate of the annual value of materials supplied
to an individual library would be fifteen thousand dollars. More­
over, there is a considerable saving in time and effort that would
otherwise be needed to acquire this material through other chan­
nels. The field office—in effect, the equivalent of a library’s
representative in Israel—is close to the source of supply. Since the
field office purchases twenty-five copies of a book at a time, many
publishers are eager to bring their publications to the Program’s
attention. On-the-spot representation is especially important with
regard to books published outside the regular trade: small private
presses and governmental and institutional publications. Thus,
the Program is usually able to attain a more comprehensive cover­
age than an individual library distant from the scene.
Monthly Accessions List
An extremely useful by-product of the Program’s activities has
been the publication of a monthly accessions list recording all items
sent during a given month. Now in its sixth year of publication,
it is an invaluable bibliographic reference tool for Israeli publica­
tions in the period covered, and comes closer than any other
publication to being an Israeli national bibliography. Moreover,
items are recorded according to the standard cataloguing rules
of the American Library Association and the Library of Congress.
Thus, the list supplies a wealth of cataloguing data enabling
libraries to catalogue much of this material with greater ease.
Indeed, for several years centralized cataloguing of this material
by the Library of Congress and supplying participants with full
sets of printed Library of Congress catalogue cards were an in­
tegral feature of the PL-480 program.
With the advent of the National Program for Acquisitions and
Cataloguing under Title IIC of the Higher Education Act of
1965, this phase of the Program has been discontinued. Participants
may, however, order Library of Congress catalogue cards on their
own initiative from the Library of Congress. Many libraries do
this and delay cataloguing of PL-480 material until the Library
of Congress catalogues its copy. While some items are catalogued
promptly by the Library of Congress, this is not always the case.
* A nominal contribution towards the administrative overhead of the pro­
gram was required for several years but has since been discontinued.