Page 53 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 28

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4 7
B
erl in
— I
rael i
P
er iodicals
These are, for the most part, published by the country's largest
union, the Histadrut (General Federation of Jewish Labor in
Israel), or one of its affiliated unions. The Histadrut itself pub-
lishes a very substantial yearbook (
Shenaton ha-Histadrut
) and
a monthly review of its activities (
Ba-Histadrut
). Its various sub-
divisions also publish extensively, e. g., the Arab Department’s
Leket Yedi’ot,
a review of Histadrut activities in the Arab com-
munities; the Council of Women Workers’ monthly
Devar ha-
Po’elet;
the Department of Pensions’
Gimlaot,
a review of pen-
sion problems—to mention but three. Many affiliated with the
Histadrut publish periodicals; e.g.,
Ba-Sadna uva-Mif’al,
by the
Metalworkers’ Union;
Shurot,
by the Union of Public Service,
Clerical and Administrative employees. Even the physicians’
union is represented with
N iv ha-Rofe.
Agricultural Journals
A pillar of the Jewish renaissance in Palestine was the return
to the soil, and agriculture still plays a dominant role in the
Israeli economy. This is reflected in the large number of period-
icals devoted to agriculture. The veteran of general agricul-
tural journals is
Ha-Sadeh,
appearing for half a century; other
general publications include
Ha-Meshek ha-Haklai
and
Ikare Yis-
rael.
In addition to the government publications mentioned
above, agencies such as the Joint Center for Agricultural Plan-
ning and the Institute of Farm Income Research publish statis-
tical studies on agricultural production and marketing. The
results of agricultural research appear in the periodicals pub-
lished by the National and University Institute of Agricul-
ture and by the Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research,
both in Rehovot. There are also periodicals that deal with an
individual branch of agriculture, or even a single crop; e. g.,
farm mechanization (
M ikun Haklai
), fruit culture ('
Alon ha-
No te’a )
, vegetables (
Gan Sadeh va-Meshek)
, cotton (Report of
the Cotton Production and Marketing Board), fish culture
(Ba-
Midgeh
) , sheep breeding (
Ha-Noked
), and even bee culture
(
Yedi’ot li-Megadele Devorim
) .
Most agricultural settlements in Israel are affiliated with a
national association composed of such settlements. These asso-
ciations subscribe to various social and political philosophies
which influence the type of settlements that each establishes.
A large number of periodicals are issued by these national asso-
ciations; e.g.,
Ha-Shavu’a ba-Kibuts ha-Artsi
, by Ha-Shomer ha-
Tsa’ir;
Igeret,
by the Ihud ha-Kevutsot veha-Kibutsim;
Ba-
Kibuts,
by Ha-Kibuts ha־Meuhad—all associations of kibbutsim,
or collective settlements. The association of smallholders’ settle-
ments, T enu ’at Moshve ha-’Ovdim, publishes its
Telam im
and