Page 110 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 29

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J
e w i s h
B
o o k
A
n n u a l
104
and French, he nonetheless defended Yiddish literature as a means
to reach those people not knowing any other language. He also
scandalized many of his friends by favoring Hasidism especially
in his later years when he despaired of the success of the Haskalah
movement.
S
h a l o m
b e n
J
aco b
C
o h e n
.
200th anniversary of birth. Born
in Meseritz, Posen, Germany, December 23, 1772, died in Ham-
burg, Germany, in 1845. One of the last representatives of the
Hebrew Haskalah in Germany he tried to revive the
Ha-Meassef,
the first Hebrew magazine (1809-11) and edited the first three
volumes of
Bikkure Ha-Ittim
(1821-23). An opponent of Reform,
he published a German version of the Orthodox pamphlet
Divre
Ha-Berit
(1819) and edited a traditional prayerbook with a
German translation.
J
a co b
D
e
H
a a s
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in London,
England, August 13, 1872, died in New York in 1937. An English
Jewish journalist, who embraced Zionism upon first meeting
Herzl in England, he devoted his whole life to this cause, emigrat-
ing to America at the request of Herzl, channeling his journalistic
activity here too to this cause. In addition to many Zionist pam-
phlets and a biography of Herzl, he also wrote
The Encyclopaedia
of Jewish Knowledge
(1934).
B
ern ard
F
e l s e n t h a l
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in
Muenchweiler, Germany, January 2, 1822, died in Chicago in
1908. In the United States since 1854, he eventually became one
of the pioneer Reform rabbis in this country, serving Sinai Con-
gregation in Chicago. In addition to many articles, he wrote
The Beginnings of the Chicago Sinai Congregation
(1899).
F
irst
Z
io n ist
C
ongress
.
75th anniversary. Held in Basel, Switz-
erland, beginning August 29, 1897. From this date on Zionism
became a mass movement, inspiring a vast amount of literature
continuing to the present day.
W
a l t er
F
isch e l
.
70th birthday. Born in Frankfurt am Main,
Germany, November 12, 1902. An Orientalist, who taught for
many years at the Hebrew University, he has been professor at
the University of California since 1946. In addition to editing
and translating Arabic and Persian texts, he has written about
the economic life of the Jews in the Islamic countries in the Middle
Ages, also a Hebrew work about the Jews in India.
F
r e ih e it
.
50th anniversary of founding. For many years the only
Communist daily in the United States, first issued April 2, 1922,
it has carried on, always faithful to the party line, quite apart
from the views of the majority.