Page 54 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 29

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J
e w i s h
B
o o k
A
n n u a l
48
A great rarity is the publication by Johann Eck (Luther’s great
antagonist) against the Jews
.1
The Institute was able to establish
special collections on the history of the Hoffaktorentum, the Kip-
per and Wipper literature, the Jewish wandering scholars. Also ex-
tensive material on the history of the Emancipation with all its
problems, the history of the development of the Science of Judaism
and its institutes, Jewish economic and social history, the problems
of Judaism and Socialism, Jews in literature and philosophy, and
generally the history of German speaking Jewry before 1933.
Although there is less emphasis on the documentation of the
Holocaust (1933-1945), because other institutes had already focused
special interest on this era, there are numerous important pub-
lished and unpublished documents of this period too. They deal
with the
Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden,
the
Reichsvereini-
gung,
and the Jewish community in Berlin (for instance, the
papers left by the long-term president of the community, Leo
Wolff, which contain much unpublished material of the years
1933-1939). There is an extensive collection (some originals,
mostly photo-copies) of tens of thousands of documents from the
Nazi era, culled from unpublished official documents of various
Reich and State ministries and Nazi organizations. Included also
are some unique pieces, available nowhere else, such as the com-
plete newspaper
Nachrichtenblatt
of the Czechoslovak Jews
(Zidovske listy: Organ der jiidischen Kultusgemeinde in Prag und
der zionistischen Organisationen in Prag,
edited by Otto Singer,
vols. 1-4, Prague, 1939-1942).
Institute Is Recipient of Literary Collections
Almost one hundred literary collections were entrusted to the
Leo Baeck Institute. To enumerate a few: The history of the Jews
of Baden could never be written without the material left by
Berthold Rosenthal. During his lifetime he collected copies of
documents that today are lost, from the Green Book of the com-
munity of Worms to family histories and records of whole commu-
nities, together with extensive statistical and legal material impor-
tant for the history of the Jews of Baden.
The bequest of the Raphael Straus Collection is important for
the history of the Bavarian Jews. Other collections and bequests
include an interesting documentation of the family of the Bavarian
banker Hirsch auf Gereuth; important material concerning the
famous banker von Cohn in Dessau, especially his connection
with Bismarck. They contain pertinent material on the history
of the Behrend banking house, and certainly the important extant
1Ains Juden buechlins verlegung
(Ingolstadt, 1541).