Page 55 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 29

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49
K
reutzberger
—T
h e
L
eo
B
aeck
I
nstitute
documents on the life and scholarship of Franz Rosenzweig, includ-
ing hundreds of letters to Rosenzweig from Martin Buber. They
embrace a unique collection of original manuscripts—supplemented
by the gift of Louis Rosenzweig containing germane family docu-
ments; the complete literary, philosophical, and Jewish political
archives of Eduard Strauss, the friend and close collaborator of
Martin Buber. Also a complete collection of Julius Bab’s theatrical
criticism which almost amounts to a history of the modern German
theater. Efraim Frisch’s papers include what must be the only
existing editorial correspondence of a German periodical,
Der
Neue Merkur.
Many thousands of letters touch upon every phase of German
intellectual life; family papers document the history of the family
Richard Beer-Hofmann’s. Also included are the manuscripts, let-
ters and photographs of the great writer Joseph Roth, the literary
legacy of Fritz Mauthner including more than 3,000 letters, over
thirty diaries of Ernst Lissauer, and a good part of the literary
estate of Constantin Brunner including an extensive correspond-
ence. Of special interest for the period of the Hitler emigration
are the papers left by Leopold Schwarzschild, editor of the periodi-
cal
Das Neue Tagebuch
which was published in Paris, and the
bequest of Kurt Hirschfeld of Zurich on the history of the German
theater outside Germany during the Nazi era.
In addition there are many thousands of letters in a compre-
hensive collection which contains autographs of almost all Jews
who played a role in German-Jewish history. From earlier times,
there are unpublished letters of Heinrich Heine, Rahel Varn-
hagen and her brother Robert, a few letters from Goethe to his
banker Elkan, and letters of Felix Mendelssohn. Some collec-
tions of letters are complete, such as the correspondence between
Walther Rathenau and Constantin Brunner, or that between Erich
von Kahler and Friedrich Gundolf; almost 200 letters of Paul
Ehrlich; an interesting collection of Max Liebermann’s letters;
approximately 50 letters of Else Lasker-Schuler. There are the
letters from Karl Wolfskehl, Georg Simmel, and Gertrud Kantor-
owicz to Margarete Susman; also some 200 letters from Christian
Morgenstern to Efraim Frisch, and a collection of letters from the
literary papers of Georg Hermann to Sigmund Freud, among
others. A valuable collection comprises Leo Baeck’s letters ad-
dressed to Ismar Elbogen, mostly of a scholarly content, written
during his years in the United States. Hans Schaeffer, who under
the Bruening Government was the staatssekretaer in the Reich
Ministry of Finance and one of his main aides in shaping the
reparation question, donated thirty years of his correspondence
to the Institute. The three handwritten manuscript versions of
Jakob Wassermann’s
Gansemannchen
[The Gooseman] testify to
the wide range and richness of the autograph collection.