Page 59 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 29

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tion and libraries, comprehensive social work such as hospitals,
homes for old people, orphanages, child care, loan offices, etc. It
was a unique system of community administration which existed
only among German Jewry. Thus far, the sociology of this kind of
all-inclusive Jewish community has not been written.
The rich Jewish life found expression in the innumerable Jew•
ish newspapers, periodicals, year books, almanacs, and calendars
(numbering 854), developed in the course of a little over 130
years. Many were short-lived and were replaced by others. The
first Jewish periodical in the German language appeared in 1806:
Sulamith: Zeitschrift zur Befdrderung der Ku ltur und Humanitat
unter der jiidischen N a tion ,
edited by David Frankel and J. Wolf
(Leipzig and Dessau). In 1939 the last Jewish periodical was
printed, a comprehensive annual of the
Monatsschrift fiir die
Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums,
whose editor and
publisher was Leo Baeck
But it could no longer be distributed
and was destroyed.
Many Jews worked as journalists, editors and publishers of
newspapers and periodicals. These ranged far beyond purely Jew-
ish interests, demonstrating how deeply the German Jews were
involved in the political and cultural life of Germany. Although
not always welcomed, the political and cultural influence on
German intellectual life cannot be ignored; it has become an
integral part of German history. Moreover, the efflorescence of
German journalism can be traced in no small measure to this
German-Jewish collaboration. Even today the journalistic contri-
butions of Heine and Borne are brilliantly alive and are being
reissued. Numerous famous Jewish journalists and renowned news-
papers and periodicals edited and published by Jews, were ex-
amples and models for many decades. Even in the era of dispersion
and destruction new ones were founded despite obstacles and
most difficult circumstances. Some of these periodicals, intended
only for the day, are still extant and are being reproduced. Al-
though high-priced, they are eagerly sought after in the second-
hand market.
The newspapers and periodicals in the Leo Baeck archives,
numbering around 800, certainly do not cover the field in its
entirety, but they give a general view of the rich scholarly and
journalistic activity of the German Jews. Besides cataloging this
material, we have tried to document them bibliographically. This
was not a simple task, especially when the Institute did not own
a complete set of a given periodical and it was not available else-
where. The task was satisfying and worthwhile, however, even with
the incomplete material in the Institute. Thus we hope that beyond
8Vol. 83. Reprinted by the Leo Baeck Institute with an introduction by
Max Gruenewald (Tuebingen, Mohr. 1963) .