Page 22 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 3

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1944), the Jewish Publication Society of America endeavors to
bring up to date the story of the Jews which is offered in its famous
six volume edition of the
History of the Jews
by H. Graetz. The
book, despite some inaccuracies it contains, offers a running and
readable account of a century of Jewish experience everywhere.
Important indeed, and certainly timely, is the volume on
American
Intercession on behalf of Jews in the Diplomatic Correspondence of
the United States
,
1840-1938
by Cyrus Adler and Aaron Margalith.
Issued as Number 36 of the
Publications
of the American Jewish
Historical Society it presents a well-documented and striking
record of American diplomatic activity in efforts to ameliorate
civil, religious, and political conditions of Jews in many lands in
years prior to the outbreak of the present war. Some pages in this
volume have a definite bearing upon the subject discussed in
Were
the Minorities Treaties a Failure
? by Jacob Robinson, Oscar
Karbach, Max M. Laserson and others (New York, 1943) in which
members of the Institute of Jewish Affairs endeavor to evaluate
the treatment of minority problems by the League of Nations,
and by the governments that were to cope with them. The same
Institute is also responsible for the publication entitled
Hitler s
Ten-Year War on the Jews
(New York, 1943) in which is presented
a documented history of the fate of the Jews in Axis-dominated
countries based upon “an exhaustive examination of Axis and
other source materials.” I t serves as a gruesome background to
some of the material contained in
A Survey of Facts and Opinions
on Problems of Post-War Jewry in Europe and Palestine
(New
York, 1943) issued by the Committee on Preliminary Studies of
the American Jewish Conference. That care with which these two
volumes were compiled was unfortunately not bestowed upon
The Black Book of Polish Jewry
, an account of the martyrdom of
Polish Jewry under the Nazi occupation, compiled by Jacob
Apenszlak and others (New York, Roy, 1943). I t has all the
earmarks of haste and carelessness and its usefulness is therefore
considerably impaired. Very pertinent is the section on “The
expulsion and deportation of Jews” in Eugene M. Kulischer’s
The Displacement of Population in Europe
(Montreal, Interna-
tional Labor Office, 1943). Hugo Marx, an expert in jurisprudence,
in his
The Case of German Jews vs. Germany
, (New York, Egmont
Press, 1944) competently discusses the legal machinery employed
against the Jews in Germany as well as the way in which settle-
ment may be effected according to international law. The republi-
cation in America (New York, Ungar, 1944) of F. R. Bienenfeld’s
The Germans and the Jews
, a work which, upon its translation
from the German by R. Herdman Pender, was originally published
in England in 1939, was no doubt prompted by the growing
apprehension in the behavior of the Germans toward the Jews.
I t casts light on a subject which, in many circles, is still much
misunderstood. A sad chapter on the extermination of the Jews
of Europe is found in Z. H. Wachsman’s
Trail Blazers for Invasion
(New York, Ungar, 1943).