Page 23 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 3

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The remarkable role which destiny willed that Russia play in
the present war has obviously increased the interest in the history
of its Jewry. One therefore welcomes such splendid works as Israel
Levitats’ study of
The Jewish Community in Russia
,
1772-1844
(New York, Columbia University Press, 1944). I t offers an admi-
rable discussion, supported by a wealth of material drawn largely
from sources heretofore not accessible in English, of the legal, social
and cultural autonomy of the Jewish community in the Russian
state. The struggle for emancipation of the Russian Jewish com-
munity is essayed by Louis Stanley Greenberg in the first volume
of his
The Jews in Russia
(New Haven, Yale University Press,
1944).
Vilna
(Philadelphia, 1943) is the title of the latest addition
to the Jewish Communities Series issued by the Jewish Publication
Society of America. In it Israel Cohen presents, in an interesting
manner and with an admirable sense of proportion, the story of the
Jewry in “ the Jerusalem of Lithuania,” from 1350 to the German
occupation of Lithuania. To the large number of works on general
Jewish history has now been added A. Addleson’s
The Epic of a
People
(New York, Bloch, 1943), a simple but carelessly executed
presentation of the story of the Jews. Harvard University Press
added the seventh volume to its admirable edition of
Josephus
(in
the Loeb Classical Library)
Jewish Antiquities.
Books 12-14.
Translated by Ralph Marcus it continues a project originally
begun by the late Professor H. St. J. Thackeray.
In the literature of the year dealing with contemporary Jewish
life anti-Semitism and the problems it engendered seem to have
attracted the attention of many authors. Dr. Joshua Trachten-
berg in his
The Devil and the Jews
(New Haven, Yale University
Press, 1943) very ably discusses the mediaeval conception of the
Jew and its relation to modern anti-Semitism. He is of the opinion
that the fear and hatred of the Jew, prevalent throughout the
Western World, has its psychological origins in the Middle Ages.
A clever analysis of anti-Semitism and characterization of anti-
Semites are offered in
A Guide fo r the Bedevilled
by Ben Hecht
(New York, Scribner, 1944), while Sigmund Livingston in his
Must Men Hate
? (New York, Harper, 1944) ventures to discuss
the causes and cures of anti-Semitism. The American Jewish
Committee issued a completely revised edition of
To Bigotry no
Sanction
(New York, 1944), a documented analysis of anti-Semitic
propaganda. The original edition of this interesting publication
was published in 1940 by the Philadelphia Anti-Defamation Coun-
cil. A refreshing discussion of anti-Semitism is found in
Testament
to Democracy
by the late Josiah Clement Wedgwood (New York,
American Chapter, Religious Emergency Council of Great Britain,
1943). The book is provided with a Foreword by Winston Chur-
chill; preface and added footnotes by Moses Schonfeld. Some
practical suggestions helpful in efforts to eliminate anti-Semitism
is offered by Mrs. Rachel Davis-Dubois in her
Get Together Ameri
-
cans
; friendly approaches to racial and cultural conflicts through
the neighborhood home festival (New York, Harper, 1943). A
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