Page 48 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 3

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not as yet possessing sufficient drawing power. However, in the
long rivalry for honors (based on their achievements) between
Nahum Sokolow and Chaim Weizmann, the latter seems to have
won out in this instance, for it was Weizmann who a year or two
later induced the author of
The Island Within
to visit Palestine.
My contact with Irving Fineman came likewise through activi-
ties relating to the protection of Jewish rights abroad. Under the
joint auspices of the American Jewish Congress and a college fra-
ternity, in which he was active, Fineman made a trip to Roumania
in 1926 and brought back a comprehensive report which proved
to be helpful in dealing with this vexing problem. Therefore when
oh Israel
appeared, our circle took a special interest, in the
author and book alike.
I remember Maurice Samuel coming to the offices of the Ameri-
can Jewish Congress (in the Metropolitan Building, New York)
as ambassador from the Bronx Division of the People’s Relief
Committee, of which he was secretary. We had had some idea of
attaching him to the staff of the Congress but the plan never
materialized, and Samuel evidently preferred to remain in the
Bronx — to brood about the books that were to come much later.
We met again while I was at the Peace Conference in Paris and
he was in the United States Army and on his way to Poland as a
military attache of the Morgenthau Commission.
Not having the time to do so myself, I always urged others to
write and Samuel, among others, was the beneficiary of some of
my admonitions. I always watched with much interest his jour-
nalistic and literary work and especially his activities for Palestine.
I admired the boldness with which he struck out to defend our
people and to challenge our enemies, but I always felt uneasy about
the rather unsubstantiable theories on which he based
You Gentiles
We Jews
The Great Hatred
, etc. However, the assault on the
was as telling as his terrible indictment of the English-
Jewish press in
Jews on Approval
and, if in his attack on the
he used the prize-fighting proclivities with which he taunted them,
the thrashing administered was probably all to the good. The book
that aroused my deepest interest and admiration was
The World
of Sholom Aleichem
Leo W. Schwarz who first took part in the Menorah movement,
later busied himself with Zionist junior and student activities.
Subsequently he prepared programs and literary material for
debates and meetings to further the educational efforts among
our youth. He came to me around this time with plans for a Jewish
publishing house and a chain of book shops which were as at-
tractive as they were remote from practical realization. His
search for literary material for our young people, however, resulted
in the compilation of his anthologies of Jewish stones and essays
and his collection of autobiographies.
About his introductions and interpretations there are bound to
be divergent opinions, but the merit of the material selected and
the idea of the anthology itself— for which Edmond Fleg first
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