Page 114 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 30

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102
J
e w i s h
B
o o k
A
n n u a l
S
o lom on
L
u r ia
(Maharshal). 400th anniversary of death. Born
in Brest-Litovsk, Lithuania, in 1510, died in Lublin, November
7, 1573. One of the great Talmudists of his age, he rejected Joseph
Caro’s
Shulhan Arukh
and all other attempts at codifying Jewish
law. His textual criticism of the Talmud was incorporated in later
editions of the Talmud. Simon Hurwitz published a book about
his responsa in English.
J
udah
L
eon
M
agn e s
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in San
Francisco in 1877, died in New York, October 27, 1948. An early
Zionist among the Reform rabbis, he eventually became the first
president of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, now the most
important scholarly Jewish institution in the world. In his later
years he was a leader of the Ichud movement, which advocated a
bi-national state in Palestine. This activity is reflected in some
of his writings.
E
l i j a h
M
e itu s
.
80th birthday. Born in Kishinev, Russia, Sep­
tember 10, 1893. A Hebrew poet, now living in Israel, he has
also translated many works from Western languages and Yiddish
into Hebrew, among them, Harriet Beecher Stowe's
Uncle Tom's
Cabin.
Sabato Morais. 150th anniversary of birth. Born in Livorno,
Italy, April 13, 1823, died in Philadelphia in 1897. Successor of
Isaac Leeser as rabbi of Congregation Mikveh Israel in Phila­
delphia since 1850, he became an important leader of traditional
Judaism in this country and served as first president of The Jewish
Theological Seminary of America. Some of his articles were pub­
lished posthumously under the title
Italian Hebrew Literature.
J
o se ph
P
e r l
.
200th anniversary of birth. Born in Tarnopol,
Galicia, November 7, 1773, died there in 1839. An ardent adherent
of the Haskalah, the Enlightenment movement in Eastern Europe,
he fought for Jewish emancipation and modern Jewish education.
His Hasidic opponents he ridiculed in anonymous works both
in Hebrew and Yiddish.
M
a x
N
o rd au
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Budapest in
1849, died in Paris, January 22, 1923. Originally a physician, he
became a writer of social criticism, bringing him great renown.
He was a follower of Herzl and an adherent of Zionism from
its inception, delivering important addresses at the early Zionist
congresses. Part of his Zionist writings have been published in
English under the title,
Max Nordau to His People.
E
rne st
R
en an
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Treguier,
France, February 27, 1823, died in Paris in 1892. A prominent