Page 100 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 31

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
98
D a v id K a u fm a n n
75th anniversary of death. Born in Kojetein, Mo-
ravia, Austria-Hungary, in 1852, died in Karlsbad, July 6, 1899.
For the last 20 years of his life he taught at the rabbinical semi-
nary in Budapest. In spite of his short span of life, he was a pro-
lific writer. His books, mostly in German, deal with Jewish phi-
losophy and the history of the Jews in Austria-Hungary. He also
edited quite a few medieval Hebrew texts. For a number of years
he served as coeditor of the
Monatsschrift fuer die Geschichte
und Wissenschaft des Judentums,
the major Jewish scholarly pe-
riodical at that time. He left behind a large collection of books
and manuscripts, now part of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Levin Kipnis
80th birthday. Born in Oshomir, Russia, August 17,
1894. He went to Palestine in 1913. As a teacher in the kinder-
garten and primary grades he has been instrumental in the pro-
duction of literature for children in Israel. In addition to nu-
merous collections of children's stories, he was the editor of the
first kindergarten magazine in Palestine.
Joseph K lau sner
100th anniversary of birth. Born near Vilna, Rus-
sia, August 14, 1874, died in Tel-Aviv in 1958. A prolific Hebrew
writer, he began his literary career at 19, stimulated by the at-
mosphere of Odessa, the center of the Russian Haskalah, where
he had moved with his parents in 1885. His first work dealt with
Hebrew literature and language, endeavoring to modernize the
latter to revitalize the former. This goal he was to pursue through-
out his life. From 1897 to 1902 he studied in Heidelberg, among
other subjects, Oriental philology and philosophy. On his return
to Russia he was appointed editor of
Hashiloah,
the outstanding
Hebrew journal of its day, succeeding Ahad Ha-Am. At the same
time he was active in the Zionist movement which he had sup-
ported even before the First Zionist Congress which he attended
in 1897. He encouraged the new generation of Hebrew writers,
such as Tshernichovsky and Brenner. After the first World War
he settled in Palestine, where he continued to edit
Hashiloah,
until after he had been appointed professor of modern Hebrew
literature at the newly established Hebrew University. From 1943
he taught Jewish history during the period of the Second Temple
at the University. His lectures in these fields were published in
book form in several editions. At the same time his interest in
Jewish affairs did not cease. Although nominally a General Zion-
ist all his life, he displayed great sympathy for the Revisionist
point of view. In 1949 the Herut Party, the successor of the old
Revisionist movement in the State of Israel, nominated him for
the presidency of Israel in opposition to Chaim Weizmann.
In English translation the following books of his appeared: