Page 103 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 31

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101
WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
volume world history, a book about St. Petersburg, a geography
of Russia and of other parts of the world, and some original nov-
els. He translated the works of Josephus and part of Graetz's
H istory of the Jews
into Hebrew.
S h in S h a l o m
70th birthday. Born in Parczew, Poland, December 19,
1904. Emigrating to Palestine with his Hasidic grandparents in
1922, he eventually became a teacher. He has written both prose
and poetry, but he is best known for the latter, being recognized
as one of the major living Hebrew poets. A repeated theme in
his poetry is the tension between the present moment and the
eternal. In English there appeared his novel
Storm over Galilee
and his poem
On Ben Peleh.
E r n s t S im o n
75th birthday. Born in Berlin, March 15, 1899. He emi-
grated to Palestine in 1928 after having finished his studies in
Germany. He was a teacher in Palestine, eventually becoming Di-
rector of the School of Education at the Hebrew University. In
addition to articles on Zionism and education, he wrote a work
in German on Jewish education in the early years of Nazi Ger-
many, when he returned to help establish a separate Jewish school
system. In Hebrew he wrote a lengthy introduction to the Hebrew
edition of the writings of the famous educator Pestalozzi. He also
served as one of the editors of the Hebrew encyclopedia of edu-
cation.
I s a a c B a s h e v i s S in g e r
70th birthday. Born in Radzymin, Poland, July
14, 1904. After a traditional Jewish education, he began to write
for Yiddish newspapers and arrived in America in 1935, where
he has been associated with the Yiddish
The Jewish Daily For-
ward
for many years. His novels, short stories, and stories for
young people, have made him the best known Yiddish writer liv-
ing today. Many of his novels, first serialized in the
Forward,
have
then been translated into English and published in book form
before Yiddish editions appeared. His popularity is due in part
to his mastery of the art of storytelling, with works like
The
Manor
about 19th century Jewish life in Poland and
The Fam-
ily Moskat
dealing with the same milieu in the period before the
Holocaust.
The Slave
has its setting in the 17th century after the
Chmelnitzki massacres.
Satan in Goray
exemplified his interest
in the supernatural, induced certainly by his Hasidic background.
The autobiographical
In My Father’s Court
tells of the tribu-
lations of Polish Jewry as he observed them in the cases that
came before the rabbinic court of his father. He has been awarded
numerous prizes and has won general recognition as an American
writer.
M o s h e S m i l a n s k y
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Telepino,