Page 104 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 31

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
102
Ukraine, Russia, February 24, 1874, died in Tel-Aviv in 1953.
In Palestine since 1890, he became a successful farmer, but also
took part in the intellectual and political life of the Jewish com-
munity in Palestine and abroad. From 1898 he contributed to
Hebrew journals and soon became an important figure in the
Zionist movement. His literary activity was not limited to the dis-
cussion of political problems, but he also wrote many stories with
a Palestinian background. In this period he was one of the few
to deal also with the Arab peasants of Palestine and generally
painted a picture of harmonious cooperation with the Jewish set-
tiers. In his political views, too, he differed from the prevailing
attitude toward the Arabs, opposing, among other things, the Zion-
ist policy of insisting on Jewish labor only in the Jewish settle-
ments. In the years preceding the establishment of Israel, he
joined Martin Buber and Judah Magnes in pleading for a bi-
national state in Palestine. All this is reflected in various volumes
of memoirs he left behind. These are extremely valuable for a
history of the early period of the Zionist settlement.
A l e x a n d e r A l a n S t e i n b a c h
80th birthday. Born in Baltimore, Febru-
ary 2, 1894.
A
prominent Reform rabbi in Brooklyn, N.Y., he has
written popular works on Judaism and volumes of poetry. He
also has served as president of the Jewish Book Council, and is
editor of
Jewish Bookland
and of this
Annual.
N a c h m a n S y r k in
50th anniversary of death. Born in Mohilev, Rus-
sia, in 1868, died in New York, September 6, 1924. One of the
more prominent Socialist Zionist thinkers, he is recognized as one
of the architects of the philosophy of the movement. Both in
Europe and in this country, where he came in 1907, he vigorous-
ly advocated his point of view in Yiddish, German and Russian
writings. In English there was published posthumously
Essays in
Socialist Zionism
and more recently a biography by his daughter
Marie Syrkin,
Nachman Syrkin: Socialist Zionist,
which includes
a selection of his writings.
J o s e p h T u n k e l
25th anniversary of death. Born in Bobruisk, Rus-
sia, in 1881, died in New York, August 9, 1949. A Yiddish jour-
nalist in Poland, who did not settle permanently in this country
until the Second World War, he was best known for his feuille-
tons and satires, which scored the weaknesses of his fellow Jews
in Eastern Europe. He also published quite a few books of hu-
morous stories which were very popular.
J o s e p k
U
r
70th birthday. Born in Poland, April 15, 1904. In Pales-
tine since 1925, he has made his literary contribution by trans-
lating the philosophical classics of the western world into Hebrew.
The writers that he has brought to the attention of the Hebrew