Page 97 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 31

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
ical novel, mirroring his feelings of rebellion and desires for a
better world. It differed from the almost stylized Haskalah story,
in that he gave vent to his inmost feelings without restraint. Jews
should return to Palestine, not only to escape persecution, but
to build a new society. This story made a tremendous impression
on young people in Eastern Europe at that time. It was reprinted
many times and also published in an English translation under
the title
Whither?
A b r a h am F i r k o v i t c h
100th anniversary of death. Born in Luck, Rus-
sia, in 1785, died in Chufut-Kale, Russia, June 7, 1874.
A n en -
terprising Karaite scholar, who succeeded in convincing the Rus-
sian government that the Karaites had been in Russia before the
crucifixion of Jesus and therefore should not be subject to anti-
Jewish legislation, he engaged among other things in archeolog-
ical work. He also acquired valuable manuscripts, among them a
Babylonian manuscript of the Book of Habakkuk, dated 916, and
hundreds of Samaritan manuscripts, which he sold to the Im-
perial Library in St. Petersburg. Although many of his claims
about the antiquity of the Karaite settlement in Russia were later
generally rejected as fraudulent, he helped to stimulate interest
in the Karaites among Jewish scholars. His published writings
in Hebrew include collections of tombstone inscriptions and anti-
Rabbinic polemics from the Karaite point of view. He also edited
a Karaite prayerbook.
A b r a h am G e i g e r
100th anniversary of death. Born in Frankfurt on
the Main, Germany, in 1810, died in Berlin, October 23, 1874.
One of the pioneer liberal rabbis in Germany, he fought for his
ideas in the various communities he served, in Wiesbaden, Bres-
lau, his hometown, and in Berlin, where he also taught at the
newly established rabbinical seminary. In addition to many arti-
cles in behalf of the cause of liberal Judaism, he edited medieval
Hebrew poetic texts, two journals of Jewish theology and wrote
an important work on Biblical criticism, which was later trans-
lated into Hebrew. In English there appeared
Judaism and Its
History, Judaism and Islam,
and
Abraham Geiger and Liberal
Judaism,
an anthology of his writings with a biographical intro-
duction by Max Wiener.
A b r a h am B a e r G o t t l o b e r
75th anniversary of death. Born in Staro-
konstantinov, Russia, in 1811, died in Byelostok, Russia, April
12, 1899. An adherent of the Haskalah movement whose first mar-
riage had been forcefully dissolved because of the opposition of
his Hasidic father-in-law, he is considered one of the early mod-
ern Hebrew writers. He published poems and edited an impor-
tant Hebrew magazine.