Page 87 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 32

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
79
major work was
T he Pharisees
(2 vols., 3d ed. 1966). An early
work was
Jewish Self-Government in the Middle Ages
(1924, 2d
ed. 1964). He also dealt with various aspects of the origin of the
Jewish liturgy.
F
a iw e l
F
ra enkel
(Bar Tuviah)
100th anniversary of birth. Born
in Vasilkov, Russia, December 25, 1875, died in Nice, France, in
1933. A Socialist, he wrote many articles in Hebrew advocating
his views and was one of the first to use Hebrew for the serious
discussion of social problems. He also wrote an incompleted work
on asceticism among the Jews. In his Jewish historical studies he
interpreted the sects and parties of ancient Israel from the point
of view of economic determinism.
Z
acharias
F
rankel
100th anniversary of death. Born in Prague in
1801, died in Breslau, Germany, February 13, 1875. As the first
director of the Breslau rabbinical seminary, established in 1854,
he provided the pattern for rabbinic training in all modern in­
stitutions that have been founded since that time. The type of
Judaism that he advocated has served as the model for the Ameri­
can Conservative movement. His work on the Jewish oath paved
the way for the abolition of the special oaths required of Jews
in German courts. In Hebrew he wrote about the methodology
of the Mishnah and an introduction to the Jerusalem Talmud.
In 1851 he founded the
Monatsschrift fuer Geschichte und Wissen-
schaft des Judentums,
the major Jewish scholarly periodical in
German, which was published till 1939.
S
hlomo
Dov
F
ritz
G
o ite in
75th birthday. Bom in Burgkunstadt,
Germany, April 3, 1900. In Palestine since 1923, he has been an
educator and a scholar in the field of Arabic studies and has
served as professor at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and at
the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. In the Jewish
field he has written about the Yemenite Jews, including a col­
lection of stories and legends,
From the Land of Sheba
(1947).
More recently he has been utilizing the Genizah texts for recon­
structing the civilization of the Mediterranean area during the
Middle Ages from these fragments.
A Mediterranean Society
(1967-71) and
Letters of Medieval Jewish Traders
(1972) are
among the results of these studies that open up new vistas about
the life of the Jewish people in the distant past.
S
olomon
Z
alman
H
alberstam
75th anniversary of death. Born in
1832 in Cracow, died in Bielsko, Poland, September 20, 1900. A
successful merchant, he acquired a large collection of Hebrew
books and manuscripts. Several of these manuscripts of medieval
rabbinic works, he edited with annotations, likewise a catalog