Page 93 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 32

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
85
prepared numerous anthologies on the various regions of Israel,
as well as several other works of historical and geographic interest.
S
au l
T
chern ichowsky
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Mikhai-
lovka, Russia, August 20, 1875, died in Jerusalem in 1943. One of
the major modern Hebrew poets, he combined a traditional
Jewish education in his home with the Haskalah influence during
his stay in Odessa. An early interest in Russian, German, and
English poetry resulted in his trying his hand at Hebrew poetry.
Unlike many of his contemporaries he did not imitate the biblical
style, but rather wanted to go his own way in introducing direct
observation into his imagery. Love and nature are major themes
in his early poetry. While pursuing medical studies in Heidelberg
and Lausanne he came under the influence of the ideas of Goethe
and Nietzsche. At this period he wrote several epic poems, em­
phasizing the tragic element in Jewish history. Lovingly reflecting
on his village childhood in his idylls, he also criticizes the Jewish
Diaspora. Upon his return to Russia in 1906, he led an uncertain
life. His poetry of that period is hardly touched by his expe­
riences, as he again takes refuge in the calm and happiness of his
youth. At that time he also translated some Greek and English
classics into Hebrew. From 1922 to 1931 he lived in Berlin, there­
after in Palestine. While devoted to his people, he also was
greatly influenced by the pagan Hellenic ideal and brought new
themes and styles into Hebrew poetry. Through his translations
and his original works he wanted to expand the world of the
Diaspora Jew so that he should share directly in all the positive
experiences and feelings of the world around him. In English
the critical study by Eisig Silberschlag includes a large selection
of his poetry in English translation.
Z
ev
V
iln a y
75th birthday. Born in Kishinev, Russia, June 12, 1900.
Settling in Palestine with his parents as a child he was from the
1920s a very popular guide on tours of the country and surround­
ing areas. His
Guide to Israel
went through many editions. He
also published
The New Israel Atlas: Bible to Present Day
(1968),
also
Legends of Palestine
(1932 and later editions) and many
more detailed studies of various parts of Israel in Hebrew.
M
a x
W
ien er
25th anniversary of death. Born in Oppeln, Germany,
in 1882, died in New York, June 30, 1950. A Liberal rabbi in
Stettin and in Berlin and teacher at the liberal rabbinical semi­
nary in Berlin in the field of Jewish theology and philosophy,
he came to this country in 1939 and taught for a while at the
Hebrew Union College. His major work in German is a critical
history of the origin of German Liberal Judaism during the first