Page 104 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 33

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In the second place, there is a movement represented by the Mac-
cabaeans’ Society in London, which seeks to unite the Jewish
people in an effort to raise the Jewish character and to promote
a higher consciousness of the dignity of the race. It lays no stress
on orthodoxy, but welcomes all who strive to render Jewish conduct
an adequate reply to the theories of the anti-Semites. Both these
movements are elements of fresh vitality to Judaism, and they are
probably destined to produce important fruit in future years. A
splendid spirit of generosity has also been displayed by the Jewish
community in assisting and relieving the victims of the Jew-haters.
(ii, p. 145)
Whatever the ultimate outcome of Jewish nationalism, its im­
mediate results have been outstanding: The Maccabaeans, an
inoffensive London dining club, are made to look ridiculous by
the palladium bestowed upon them. When he came to revise
this article for the 14th edition (1929) Lucien Wolf had either
overcome or thought it best to forget his apprehensions concern­
ing Zionism; and the potentialities of the Maccabaeans he felt no
occasion to emphasize. However, he remained optimistic:
In the Russian and Austrian Succession States in Eastern Europe,
where the possibilities of a political career for anti-Semitism still
existed, the Minorities Treaties, concluded by the Peace Confer­
ence of 1919 and supplemented by the League of Nations under
whose guarantee they were placed, have proved an effective remedy.
The emancipation of the Jews in those countries has thus been
completed, discriminatory legislation has almost disappeared, and
although in Poland, Rumania, and even Hungary violent popular
explosions of the old Jew-hatred still occasionally manifest them­
selves, they have ceased to find any countenance in the governments
or, to any appreciable extent, in the better elements of public
opinion, (ii,
1here is no occasion to jeer; it was a fair assessment of conditions
as they looked in 1929.
Curiously, in view of the dimensions attained by the subject in
two decades following this forecast of fair weather, “Anti-Semi­
tism” is less easy to study in the present edition than in its
predecessors. This flows from the thoroughgoing reorganization
of the contents and arrangement of the work. Instead of pro­
ceeding alphabetically as a single unit, the current
is now divided into three parts. First there is “Propedia,” a one