Page 106 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 33

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which one would tu rn by instinct. One might be guided there
by going through the many index entries included in the “Micro­
pedia” article “United States.” One of them (“importance of
Jewish community”) gives the place where the information can
be found. I t is not referred to among the index entries in “Micro­
pedia” under “Jew.” “Zionism” is the subject of a half-page ar ti­
cle in “Micropedia” (x, 886). There are no cross references bu t
the Basle Program is quoted accurately (a point the reason for
whose mentioning will appear later).
This is not to complain tha t the editors of the
have been “unfair to the Jews,” i t is a question of the worka­
bility of the new design. In fact, Judaica is very well treated.
One notes in “Macropedia” authoritative articles on “Jewish
Philosophy” and “Jewish Religious Year.” T hen there is a
nineteen page article on “Judaism, History,” divided by periods
between five well-known authorities. Our friends the Pharisees
after an appearance which goes back to the first edition in 1771
are removed to the gallery; they have a “Micropedia” entry
supplemented by fourteen cross references. An authoritative arti­
cle on “Talmud and Midrash” includes a facsimile of a sample
page of the Babylonian Talmud.
T o those who live in the world of Jewish affairs and to whom
the Holocaust is one of the terrible decisive events of the century,
it will be surprising tha t it does not become the subject of an
article. The brief article on “Anti-Semitism” concludes: “T he
storm of anti Semitic violence let loose by the triumph of Adolph
H itler in 1933 not only reached a terrifying degree in Germany
but inspired a world wide anti-Jewish movement unequalled in
modern history.” As far as it goes the statement is accurate. One
must deplore the implication tha t the Holocaust has made little
impact on some writers of world history and tha t no factual de­
tail was felt to be called for.
The State of Israel features in “Micropedia” (vi, 460) and in
“Macropedia” (ix, 1059). I t is relevant here to mention tha t
“Micropedia” (vi, 352) observes: “Citizens of the State of Israel
are called Israelis, a term conveying no ethnological or religious
connotations.” Such a statement may be correct in narrowly legal
terms, bu t it does not correspond to popular conceptions.
Pre-1948 developments in what became the State of Israel are
dealt with in an article entitled “Syria and Palestine, History