Page 107 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 33

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TEMKIN / JUDAICA IN THE ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA
97
of.” Here we come to a subject tha t is so infected with contro­
versy tha t even the choice of a geographical expression can be­
come a political decision. The article comes from an Arab source
and is a reminder to Jewish readers of the wide leeway which
must be allowed in the selection and interpre tation of events in
that part of the world. Thus we read:
When the French overthrew Faysal and his Arab regime in Da­
mascus, his brother Abdullah recruited a private army in the Hejaz
and announced his intention of marching on Syria to expel the
French. On his way north in January 1921, he entered Transjordan,
ultimately taking over the whole country and establishing a central
administration in Amman. The British recognized him as amir of
Transjordan; in return he recognized the British mandate in the
territory he had occupied and renounced his intention to conquer
Syria, (xvii, 958)
I had always understood tha t the British, anxious to forestall
an attack by their protege Abdullah on their ally France, inter­
cepted him in the desert, then without settled rule, and fobbed
him off with the amirate of Transjordan. Again we read:
The Zionists, with British permission, took steps to establish the
Jewish Agency for Palestine to manage Jewish interests there. Its
final formation in 1928 caused grave concern among the Palestinian
Arabs.
The Jewish Agency was provided for by Article 4 of the League
of Nations Mandate for Palestine. The Zionist Organization was
recognized as such Agency
ad in terim ;
the enlargement of the
Agency to include non-Zionists was completed in 1929, not 1928.
Incidentally, the short note on the Jewish Agency “Micropedia”
(v, 553) takes no account of its basis in the Mandate. Referring
to the Shaw Commission, which followed the disturbances of
1929, the article states:
A subsidiary commission under Lord Passfield was next sent to
make concrete proposals.
One has never heard before of a commission under Passfield
going to Palestine. Perhaps it was intended to refer to the in­
vestigation of land problems conducted by John Hope Simpson.
Giving the background of the Macdonald White Paper (1939)
the writer observes: