Page 163 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 33

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JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
153
forsaken wife, whose husband cannot be located, which was very
important after the massacres of the Jews in Eastern Europe in
1648-1649.
D a n t e L a t t e s
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Tuscany, Italy,
September 13, 1876, died near Venice in 1965. A teacher of Juda­
ism throughout his life, he wrote on Judaism and Zionism for
Italian Jewry, prepared Italian Biblical texts with commentaries
and edited for many years
La Rassegna M ensile d i Israel,
the
major Italian Jewish periodical.
A s h e r Z e l i g L a u t e r b a c h
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Droho-
bych, Galicia, January 16, 1826, died there in 1906.
A
prosperous
businessman, he made Jewish scholarship his avocation. His arti­
cles were gathered in several volumes, dealing among other things
with magic in rabbinic literature, also commentaries on
P irke
A v o t
(Ethics of the Fathers)
and the Haggadah. He corresponded
with many Jewish scholars of his generation.
J a c o b L e s t s c h i n s k y
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Horodicz,
Russia, August 26, 1876, died in Tel-Aviv in 1966. Active in the
Zionist movement in Czarist Russia, he settled in Germany after
the Russian Revolution and served as correspondent to the New
York
Jewish Da ily Forward
for many years. During the Hitler
period he came to this country, living his last years in Israel.
Throughout his life, he was a student of the economic conditions
of the Jewish people throughout the world and wrote numerous
articles and studies on this subject in Yiddish, Hebrew, German,
and English. In English he published social studies of the Jews
after the Holocaust.
M e n a h em M e n d e l L e v i n
150th anniversary of death. Born in Sata-
now, Russia, in 1749, died in Tarnopol, Galicia, July 11, 1826. One
of the early Maskilim, who brought the message of the Enlighten­
ment to the East European community, he was associated for a
while with Moses Mendelssohn in Berlin. He also acted as tutor
in the home of a Polish count. Although a rationalist, strongly
opposed to Hasidism and Cabala, he wrote some of his works in
Yiddish, unlike other Maskilim, to reach the Jewish masses. While
he is considered primarily a popularizer and not an original
thinker, he is credited with great influence on such men as Isaac
Erter and Nachman Krochmal. Among his works is a new Hebrew
translation of Moses Maimonides’
Moreh N evukh im
into a Mish-
naic Hebrew which he hoped would be easier for his contempo­
raries to understand. Among his other adaptations was one of
Benjamin Franklin’s
Poor R ichard ’s A lmanac
in Hebrew. He also