Page 117 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 34

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
107
myticism at the Hebrew University, a subject in which he is
considered the world’s outstanding authority. His works on He­
brew, German, and English deal with every aspect of this area of
Judaism. In English the
Major Trends of Jewish Mysticism,
pub­
lished in several editions,
Sabbatai Sevi
(1973), and
Kabbalah
(1974) bring out the latest fruit of his researches.
I s a a c S e l a .
75th birthday. Born in Poland, September 2, 1902. A He­
brew educator living in Palestine since 1935, he was connected
with Israel’s Ministry of Education, and has published numerous
collections of poems, stories, plays, and children’s books.
Jo s e p h S h a p i ro .
75th birthday. Born in Skvirah, near Kiev, Russia,
June 22, 1902. In the 1920s he wrote for the Yiddish press in the
United States. Since then he has been living in Israel and has
written various works on the new land, such as an anthology
about the settlement Nahalal, a biography of Levi Eshkol, the
late prime minister of Israel, about agricultural cooperation, and
the like. He also wrote about the Messianic idea in Judaism.
S h lo m o Shun am i.
80th birthday. Born in Munkacz, Hungary, October
4, 1897. For many years on the staff of the Hebrew University
Library, he has utilized his vast esperience in his field in preparing
The Bibliography of Jewish Bibliographies
(1965), with a large
supplement in 1975.
B a r u c h Sp inoza .
300th anniversary of death. Born in Amsterdam in
1632, died in The Hague, February 21, 1677. A student of both
Jewish and general philosophy, he arrived at conclusions that
scandalized both Jewish and Christian traditionalists. He therefore
was eventually excommunicated by the Jewish community of
Amsterdam. But already in his lifetime he attracted powerful
friends, both in Holland and elsewhere, so that he could carry
on his studies and develop his Pantheistic philosophy, which
even earned him an offer of a professorship at the University
of Heidelberg, which he, however, rejected. After his death his
ideas had a profound influence on philosophic thought of modern
times, although they remained controversial both among Jewish
and other thinkers.
B e n jam in S z o ld .
75th anniversary of death. Born in Namiskert, Hun­
gary, in 1829, died in Berkely Springs. W.Va., July 31, 1902. After
studies in Hungary and in Breslau, Germany, he accepted a call
as rabbi to Baltimore, Md., in 1859, where he stayed until his
death. Opposed to radical Reform, he prepared a traditional
prayerbook with German and English translations. Later editions,
however, together with Marcus Jastrow included some modifications