Page 226 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 34

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rich and fascinating detail the extent that intermarriage, inter­
breeding, proselytism and slavery have shaped the Jewish popula­
tion from biblical times to the present. There is also scientific
discussion of the measurable genetic and behavioral differences
between Jewish and non-Jewish populations and among various
groups of Jews. They conclude that the differences are not enough
to make the Jews a separate race.
We are indebted to Mr. Leon Jolson for making available the
award for an outstanding book on the Holocaust. Mr. Jolson
is a survivor of the Warsaw ghetto, a distinguished communal
leader and a benefactor of many Jewish causes.
The judges for this award were Miss Dina Abramowicz, libra­
rian of the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research; Mrs. Lucy S.
Dawidowicz, professor of Holocaust studies at Yeshiva University,
and Dr. Isaiah Trunk, archivist and research associate of YIVO
Institute for Jewish Research.
The judges were unanimous in recommending for the award
Leyzer Ran for his work
Yerushalayim de Lite
(Jerusalem of
Lithuania). Mr. Ran was born and educated in Vilna, Lithuania.
He was the recipient in his youth of two fellowships—one for
the study of composition at the Jewish Institute of Music in
Vilna, and the other for political studies at the Western Univer­
sity in Moscow. For ten years he was a political prisoner in the
Soviet Union. In 1946 he came to Cuba where he was director
of the Jewish Center of Havana, and on his arrival in New
York he became active in YIVO and engaged in many research
projects. A prolific researcher, he has devoted his talent to the
Jewish theater and the Holocaust, among other subjects. He
rs an author and editor of various works including drama. His
latest work
Jerusalem of Lithuania
has been hailed as a monu­
mental contribution to Holocaust literature. Through pictures,
documents, printed and other materials, with explications in
Yiddish, <Hebrew, English and Russian, he has presented the
history of Jewish Vilna throughout the centuries. The work
consists of two large volumes, folio size, and a third matching
volume of indices and a multilingual bibliography. In a review
Jewish Bookland,
Prof. Israel Knox wrote: “ This work is