Page 104 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 35

Basic HTML Version

94
JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
1968), offers insight into the history of the Jewish communities
in North Africa. Himself of North African origin, Chouraqui
deals with his topic perceptively. In describing various customs,
observances, beliefs and assumptions of the masses of North
African Jewry, he has given us a clearer understanding of the
people whose history he records. Reading this book, as well as
those previously mentioned, should make the reader aware of
distinctive characteristics of Sephardic Jewry.
SOME SE PH ARD IC C O M M U N IT IE S
A number of books and articles confine themselves to a study of
Sephardim in one particular location. David Corcos, au thor of
S tud ies in the H is to ry of the Jews of M orocco
(Jerusalem, 1976),
includes 150 pages in English. Rabbi Ezekiel Musleah, in his
On the Banks o f the Ganga
(North Quincy, Mass., 1975), pre­
sents a history of the Jews of Calcutta. “The Sephardim of the
United States: An Exploratory Study,” written by this author,
appeared in the 1973 edition of the
Am er ican Jew ish Y ea rbook ,
(N.Y. and Philadelphia, 1973), pp. 77-138. T he article traces
the history of Sephardic Jewry in the United States from Colonial
Days to this decade and presents a sociological survey of Ameri­
can-born Sephardim of Judeo-Spanish origin. Albert Hyamson’s
T h e S epha rd im o f E ng land
(London, 1951) and Isaac and
Suzanne Emmanuel’s
H is to ry of the Jews o f the N e th e r la n d s
A n t i lle s
(Cincinnati, 1970), present histories of “Western”
Sephardic communities i.e., those of, or stemming from, Western
Europe and founded by ex-Marranos. David and T am ar de Sola
Pool, in their
An O ld Fa ith in the N ew W o r ld
(New York, 1955),
present a history of a single Congregation, Shearith Israel, the
Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in the City of New York.
Founded in 1654, Shearith Israel is the oldest Jewish congrega­
tion in North America. Philip Argenti’s
T h e R e lig iou s M in o r i tie s
o f Chios
(Cambridge, 1970), while not devoted entirely to the
Jewish community of the island, does provide much information
about it.
Israel Goldman, author of
L ife and T im e s o f R a d b a z
(New
York, 1970), focuses on the life of Rabbi David Ibn Zimra, one
of the leading Sephardic rabbinic authorities in the generation
following the Spanish expulsion. Himself among the exiles (he