Page 154 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 35

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JEWISH BOOK ANNUAL
Safed, Palestine, he came to London in 1689, serving as Sephardic
chief rabbi, moving to Amsterdam in 1700, ho ld ing the same
position there un til his death. As a devout Jew who nonetheless
believed in Shabbetai Zevi, he had to fight off constant attacks by
opponents. Most of his writings, mainly responsa and Cabalistic
works, are preserved in manuscript, bu t so far have no t been
published. Only a few of his responsa were included in the collec­
tions of o ther contemporary rabbis.
G
ers iiom
B
ader
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Cracow in 1868,
died in New York, November 11, 1953. Before his emigration to
this country in 1912 he had been editing various Hebrew and
Yiddish periodicals in Galicia. In America he con tribu ted to the
Yiddish press. He also wrote a history of the Jews in Po land and
a 3-volume biographical work on the T ann a im and Amoraim in
Yiddish, the latter being published also in English translation
under the title,
Jewish Spiritual Heroes
(1940). In the year of
his death, he published the first volume of his memoirs.
E
m a n u e l
M
end el
B
aum g ar t en
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in
Kremsier, Moravia, Austria-Hungary, now Czechoslovakia, January
15, 1828, died in Vienna in 1908. A successful businessman and
community leader, he prepared the first German translation of
Bahyah ibn Pakudah’s
Duties of the Heart
(1854). He also wrote
a history of the Jews in Styria and o ther works on Austrian Jewish
history. Together with the rabbinic scholar Isaac Hirsch Weiss,
he edited the Hebrew periodical
Bet ha-Midrash
(1865-66). In
addition to helping Jewish refugees from Russian and Romanian
pogroms, he also assisted Peretz Smolenskin in publishing his
monthly,
ha-Shahar,
one of the major Hebrew periodicals in its
time.
A
rthur
B
ir am
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Bischofswerda,
Germany, August 13, 1878, died in Haifa in 1967. T ra in ed as a
German liberal rabbi he settled in Palestine in 1914 where he
assumed the direction of the Bet Sefer Reali in Haifa, a high
school pa tterned after the German gymnasium, bu t emphasizing
Jewish content. Throughou t his long career he devoted himself to
the education of youth, including param ilitary training , which later
on became the Gadna program of the Israeli army. An add itional
field of interest was Bible study, resulting in a biblical history
text. He likewise was active in the Israel Society for Biblical
Research, several of whose proceedings he edited. In 1954 he was
awarded the Israel Prize for Education.
H
a y y im
J
e h iel
B
orn ste in
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Kozie-
nice, Poland, in 1845, died in Warsaw, August 13, 1928. For many