Page 155 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 35

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
145
years he served as executive secretary of the Tlomackie Synagogue
in Warsaw. Much of his Hebrew literary work was devoted to
research in the Hebrew calendar. He also translated Shakespeare’s
Ham let
and o ther European classics into Hebrew.
M
ordecai
D
av id
B
randstaedter
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in
Galicia in 1844, died in Tarnow , Galicia, May 15, 1928. A pro­
m inen t Jewish lay leader in Tarnow , he wrote Hebrew short
stories in the spirit of the Haskalah, ridiculing not only the Hasidim
and their leaders, bu t also the materialism of his more assimilated
contemporaries in Galicia. In later years he supported the Zionist
movement. Some of his stories, including his autobiography ap­
peared in the New York Hebrew magazine,
Hadoar.
M
ar t in
B
u ber
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Vienna, February
8, 1878, died in Jerusalem in 1965. Grandson of Solomon Buber,
the editor of many impo rtan t Midrash collections, he received
both a trad itional Jewish and modern German education, being
trained in philosophy at the universities of Vienna, Leipzig, Zurich,
and Berlin. An early convert to Zionism, he nevertheless throughout
his life advocated a Jewish nationalism at variance with that of
the conventional leadership and wedded to a humanist Socialism
apart from state control. An importan t contribution to Jewish
culture in the Western world was his transmission of the Hasidic
tales, first in German adaptations, and later also translated into
English. His German translation of the Bible together with Franz
Rosenzweig attempted by a more literal rendering to bring the
biblical message closer to modern man. His philosophy of
“dialogue” attracted a great deal of a tten tion and is considered
a forerunner to modern existentialism.
S
am u e l
D
a ich e s
.
100th anniversary of birth . Born in Vilna, July 1,
1878, died in London in 1949. T ra in ed for the Orthodox rabb inate
in Berlin, he eventually became lecturer in Bible, Talmud , and
Midrash at Jews’ College, London. His studies dealt with the
Talm ud and medieval Judaism. His
Essays and Addresses
were
published posthumously in 1955.
C
harles
D
u sch in sky
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Namestovo,
Czechoslovakia, September 11, 1878, died in London in 1944. After
serving as rabbi in his native land, he settled in London and en­
gaged in business, bu t made studies of English Jewish history his
avocation. His must impo rtan t work is
The Rabbinate of the
Great Synagogue, London , from 1756-1842
(1921, rep rin ted 1971).
A
zriel
E
isenberg
.
75th birthday. Born in Russia, August 29, 1903. One
of the foremost American Jewish educators, he served for many
years as head of the Jewish Education Committee in New York.