Page 161 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 35

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WIENER / JEWISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
151
like many o ther rabbis he wrote approbations for works by Hasidic
rabbis.
A
lexander
M
a r x
.
100th anniversary of b irth and 25th anniversary of
death. Born in Elberfeld, Germany, January 29, 1878, died in
New York, December 26, 1953. T ra in ed as an Orthodox rabb i in
Germany, he became professor of Jewish history and librarian at
the Jewish Theological Seminary of America in 1903, remaining
there for the rest of his life. In addition to making the Library
of the Seminary one of the greatest collections of Judaica anywhere,
he enriched Jewish studies by learned articles on Jewish booklore,
many of which were published in the annual reports of the
Seminary and have now been collected to be issued in the forth­
coming
Bibliographical Studies and Notes on Rare Books and
Manuscripts in the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary
of America.
Together with Max L. Margolis he wrote
A History of
the Jewish People
(1927), which has been reissued several times.
S
am u e l
F
el ix
M
end el sohn
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in Russia
in 1889, died in Chicago, February 28, 1953. For many years a
Reform rabbi in Chicago, he wrote several books on Jewish humor,
among them
The Jews Laughs
(1935) and
The Merry Heart
(1951).
B
enz ion
M
o ss insohn
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Andreyevka,
Russia, April 26, 1878, died in Tel-Aviv in 1942. An early Zionist,
who opposed Herzl’s Uganda scheme, he went to Palestine in 1907
after having a ttained his doctorate in Switzerland. He taught at
the new Herzliya Gymnasium in Jaffa and soon became its p r in ­
cipal, his work being in te rrup ted by World W ar I, when he was
expelled by the Turks and lived in the Un ited States. While not
a prolific writer—he published only one larger work on the
Prophets—he exerted a great influence as head of the major educa­
tional institu tion of early Palestine.
D
av id
N
ie t o
.
250th anniversary of death. Born in Venice in 1654, died
in London, January 10, 1728. Successively rabbi in Livorno and
in London, he had a broad secular education in addition to his
trad itional Jewish learning, having studied at the University of
Padua. He wrote in Hebrew, Italian, and Spanish. Much of his
literary effort was directed toward combatting the Sabbathean
heresy and defending Rabbinic trad ition against the attacks of
the Marranos who had re tu rned to Judaism.
T
heodore
R
e in a c h
.
50th anniversary of death. Born in Paris in 1860,
died there October 28, 1928.
A
professor of classics in Paris, at
times also a member of the French Chamber of Deputies, he also
devoted some of his works to Jewish subjects the most importan t