Page 103 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

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J. Wilkinson’s
Jerusalem Pilgrims before the Crusades,
1977, is
the most significant work in Christian archaeology and his gaz-
eteer of Roman-Byzantine sites is an invaluable supplement to
T he information on the earlier biblical and pre-biblical
periods is not as rich in the recent popular literature. We have
mentioned above Negev’s work which covers all periods and
several encyclopedias. The older classics should still be con-
suited, and I would include among these G. E. W right’s
W. F. Albright’s
The Archaeology of Palestine,
soon to be reissued by Penguin books in fully revised form by
W. G. Dever, and K. Kenyon’s
Archaeology in the Holy Land.
Each of these books attempts to relate the material remains of
Eretz Israel to the Bible and espouses a sort of synthetic view.
While the welter of new materials has made such a task more
difficult than these older books may lead one to believe, none-
theless, several popular works have attempted to follow this
approach each in its own way, and no comparisons are intended.
H. T . Frank’s attractive
Discovering the Biblical World,
attempts such a synthesis, bu t it should be used very cautiously.
P. W. Lapp’s
Biblical Archaeology and History,
1969, at-
tempts to go beyond this approach and to explore the dynamics
involved in rendering judgements about the relation between
history and archaeology. State of the field articles may be found
in the Nelson Glueck Festschrift edited by J. A. Sanders, in
Near Eastern Archaeology in the Twentieth Century.
I t
serves as a companion to the older but still definitive Albright
The Bible in the Ancient Near East,
The popular literature on the Bible and archaeology is
enormous and much of it unreliable. The reader is urged to
use utmost caution in consulting any literature in this field. The
serious student will soon become aware of a tendency in ar-
chaeological circles to avoid historical syntheses, and of an
opposite tendency in biblical circles often to use archaeological
data to support their own hypotheses. Two recent works by
J. Maxwell Miller attempt to explore the dynamics of this
situation and provide a useful introduction to these issues. They
The Old Testament and the Historian,
1976, and with
John H. Hayes, eds.,
Israelite and Judean History,
For easy access to many of the sub-specialites in archaeology,