Page 116 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

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The classification and indexing of raw materials by the IFA
enables folklorists to compare Jewish tale motifs to non-Jewish
tale types. I t also makes in-depth contextual analysis of the tales
possible. For example, Dov Noy, the father of the scientific
study of folklore in Israel (and the holder of the Max Grun-
wakl Chair of Jewish Folklore at the Hebrew University), in
his book
Sippurei ba’alei haim be’edot YIsrael
(Animal Tales
of Oral Tradition,
Haifa, IFA Publication Series no. 29, 1976),
brings the structuralist approach to bear upon the widely-spread
animal tales collected by the IFA. In this study he also discusses
the relationships of these tales to other narrative genres—fables,
children’s tales, realistic tales and proverbs. The English section
of the book includes a list of more than one hundred entries
of the Jewish versions of animal tales in the IFA.
The folklorist and specialist in comparative literature, Heda
Jason draws upon the IFA resources in her studies of the ethno-
poetry repertory of the Near Eastern Jews (
Studies in Jewish
T he Chinese Association for Folklore, Taipei,
1975). She approaches the sacred legends, proverbs, and num-
skull tales, extensively recorded by the IFA, as ethnopoetic genres
of Near Eastern Jewry. Her multi-dimensional structuralist
approach to the study of sacred legends and numskull tales,
and her examination of sacred legends and proverbs as messages
with social function, provide a cohesive framework for this
anthology of articles originally published separately.
T he
Folklore Research Center Studies
(Hebrew University
Institute of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, Magnes Press, 1970-1975)
bring together the work of scholars from varied disciplines,
such as anthropology, literature, music, dance, folklore and
sociology, who are concerned with the collection and analysis of
the folk traditions of different Jewish communities. Articles are
in Hebrew, English, and occasionally, in French. Summaries
in English of the Hebrew papers are provided. T he editors of
the Studies, Dov Noy and Issachar Ben-Ami (director of the
Folklore Research C en te r) , have continued the work of their
predecessors Max Grunwald and Sh. Anski in furthering and
expanding the study of Jewish Folklore and Ethnography as
a scientific discipline.