Page 133 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

Basic HTML Version

1 2 5
WIENER / JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
legacy to the Reform movement was his prayerbook, which al-
though largely written in German, became the basis of the
Union
Prayer Book,
edited by the Central Conference of American
Rabbis.
K
arl
E
mil
F
ranzos
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Czortkow,
Galicia, in 1848, died in Berlin, January 28, 1904. An Austrian
journalist, who traveled throughout the Hapsburg Empire, and
recorded his impression in sketches, short stories and novels. He
also wrote about the Jewish life of this area, as an assimilation-
ist, yet with true empathy. One collection of his stories,
The
Jews of Barnow,
was published in English translation and re-
printed in 1975.
U
ri
N
issan
G
nessin
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Starodub,
Ukraine, October 29, 1879, died in Warsaw in 1913.
A
writer of
Hebrew stories and poems, who was a friend and associate of
Joseph Hayyim Brenner, he was one of the first to depict the
problem of the modern Jew who left the shtetl and could not
find his way back to it. His bitter personal experiences, as one
unable to find a secure place for himself in Eastern Europe, Lon-
don, and Palestine, colored his writings, bringing home to him
the sense of alienation. He also translated Russian, French, and
German classics into Hebrew.
Y
izhak
G
ruenbaum
.
100th anniversary of birth. Born in Warsaw,
November 24, 1879, died in Gan Shemuel, Israel, in 1970. A Zion-
ist leader in Poland since 1905, he propagated his views as
a journalist in Polish, Yiddish, and Hebrew. He also took an
active part in the Jewish community life of Poland, serving as
a member of the Polish parliament between the two world wars.
In 1933 he settled in Palestine as a member of the Jewish Agency
Executive. Upon the establishment of the State of Israel, he be-
came its first Minister of Interior. Among his principal writings
are a four-volume history of Zionism, a history of contemporary
Polish Jewry, and a collection of his speeches in the Polish
parliament, all in Hebrew.
S
amuel
G
ruenberg
. 100th anniversary of birth. Born in Rumania,
September 29, 1879, died in Tel-Aviv in 1959. From 1920 on he
taught Bible and modern Hebrew a t the orthodox rabbinical
seminary in Berlin. He was also active in Mizrachi. In 1936 he
settled in Palestine and became chairman of the religious council
of T e l Aviv. In addition to numerous articles on biblical studies
he was the co-author of a Hebrew-German, German-Hebrew
dictionary, published in 1920. As a young man he had also
published a volume of Hebrew poetry.