Page 134 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

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JEW ISH BOOK ANNUAL
1 2 6
A
lexander
G
uttmann
.
75th birthday. Born in Budapest, November 16,
1904. Trained as a rabbinic scholar in Hungary and Germany, he
taught Talmud and rabbinics at the liberal rabbinical seminary in
Berlin before joining the faculty of the Hebrew Union College
in Cincinnati in 1940. In addition to many articles he has written
Rabbinical Judaism in the Making
(1970),
The Struggle Over
Reform in the Rabbinical Literature of the Last Century and
a Half
(1975), and
Studies in Rabbinical Judaism
(1976).
Y
om
Tov
L
ipman
H
eller
.
400th anniversary of birth. Born in
Wallerstein, Bavaria, Germany, in 1579, died in Cracow, Poland,
in 1654. As rabbi in Prague, Vienna, and Cracow, he was on
occasion the victim of communal politics. Following denuncia-
tion by his enemies he was imprisoned, but eventually released.
In his autobiography he gives a vivid description of the period
and of the vicissitudes he had to undergo. His major rabbinic
work is a commentary on the
Mishnah,
which is now printed in
all standard editions of this classic. It was intended as super-
commentary to that of Obadiah of Bertinoro.
T
heodor
H
erzl
.
75th anniversary of death. Born in Budapest in 1860,
died in Vienna, July 3, 1904. The founder of political Zionism
began his career as a successful Austrian journalist and play-
wright. After the Dreyfus Affair, he devoted his efforts almost
exclusively to the Zionist cause, publishing
Der Judenstaat
in
1896. By 1970, 80 editions of this pamphlet in 18 languages had
appeared. This had been followed in 1902 by the Zionist novel
Altneuland
(English translation
Old New Land,
1960). Although
his literary endeavors in the Jewish field were not extensive,
the impetus his movement gave to Jewish writers of all parties
released a torrent of writings pro and con that has not ceased
to the present day.
D
avid
H
orowitz
.
80th birthday. Born in Drohobicz, Galicia, Feb-
ruary 15, 1899. In Palestine since 1920, he became known as an
outstanding economist, serving as director of the Economic
Department of the Jewish Agency and later as the governor of
the Bank of Israel. In his writings in English and Hebrew, he
did not limit himself to the economy of Israel, but also dealt
with such topics as
The Abolition of Poverty
(1969) and
Hemi-
sphere, North and South; Economic Disparity among Nations
(1966). He also published an autobiography in Hebrew, which is
an important source for the history of the twenties and thirties.
D
avid
I
gnatoff
.
25th anniversary of death. Born in the Ukraine in
S885, died in New York February 26, 1954. In the United States
since 1906, he was one of the founders of a new literary moveĀ­