Page 135 - Jewish Book Annual Volume 36

Basic HTML Version

1 2 7
W IENER / JEW ISH LITERARY ANNIVERSARIES
ment among Yiddish writers, called
Di Yunge
(The Young
Ones), which eschewed the prevailing revolutionary and socialist
emphasis in Yiddish literature. Yet while he utilized traditional
Jewish themes such as Hasidic stories in his novels and dramas,
he occasionally reverted to the older tendency of proletarian
realism, particularly in a novel about the American Jewish labor
movement.
M
arcus
J
astrow
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Rogasen, Ger-
many, May 13, 1829, died in Philadelphia in 1903. The rabbi
of the liberal congregation in Warsaw, he had to leave after
the abortive Polish insurrection of 1861, and eventually em-
igrated to America, taking the pulpit of Congregation Rodeph
Shalom in Philadelphia. His religious orientation was somewhat
between that of the reformers like Einhorn and Isaac
M.
Wise
and the traditionalists, and was also evident in his adapta-
tion of the Szold prayerbook. He was editor of the department
of Talmud of the
Jewish Encyclopedia.
He is best remembered
for his
Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud and Yerushalmi
and the Midrashic Literature
(1886-1903), more recently reprinted
as
Hebrew-Aramaic-English Dictionary
(1969).
Dov
(B
ernard
) J
oseph
.
80th birthday. Born in Montreal, Canada,
April 27, 1899, he settled in Jerusalem in 1921 after serving in
the Jewish Legion during World War I, and became a prominent
lawyer and Zionist leader. In 1948 he served as military governor
of Jerusalem with great distinction and afterwards held various
cabinet offices in the State of Israel. An important source for
the history of the siege of Jerusalem in 1948 is his work,
The
Faithful City
(1960), providing an eyewitness account of this
momentous perid.
J
acob
K
atz
.
75th birthday. Born in Pajca, Hungary, November 15,
1904. As professor of Jewish social and educational history at the
Hebrew University, he has concentrated on investigating in
depth Jewish-Gentile relations. Such works in English as
Tradi-
tion and Crisis
(1961),
Exclusiveness and Tolerance
(1961),
Free-
masons and Jews, 1727-1939
(1970),
Emancipation and Assimila-
tion
(1972), and
Out of the Ghetto: 1770-1870
(1973) address
themselves to the problems created by these relationships in
various periods of Jewish history.
M
eyer
K
ayserling
.
150th anniversary of birth. Born in Hanover,
Germany, June 17, 1829, died in Budapest in 1905. From 1870
until his death he was rabbi in Budapest. In addition to a
popular history of the Jews in German, a biography of Moses
Mendelssohn, and an anthology of German sermons, he is best